Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 35906–35914 | Cite as

Agricultural solid waste for sorption of metal ions, part II: competitive assessment in multielemental solution and lake water

  • Priscila Aparecida Milani
  • João Luiz Consonni
  • Geórgia Labuto
  • Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins CarrilhoEmail author
Sustainable Waste Management


Sugarcane bagasse and hydroponic lettuce roots were used as biosorbents for the removal of Cu(II), Fe(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) from multielemental solutions and lake water, in batch processes. These biomasses were studied in natura (lettuce roots, NLR, and sugarcane bagasse, NSB) and chemically modified with HNO3 (lettuce roots, MLR, and sugarcane bagasse, MSB). The results showed higher adsorption efficiency for MSB and either NLR or MLR. The maximum adsorption capacities (qmax) in multielemental solution for Cu(II), Fe(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) were 35.86, 31.42, 3.33, and 24.07 mg/g for NLR; 25.36, 27.95, 14.06, and 6.43 mg/g for MLR; 0.92, 3.94, 0.03, and 0.18 mg/g for NSB; and 54.11, 6.52, 16.7, and 1.26 mg/g for MSB, respectively. The kinetic studies with chemically modified biomasses indicated that sorption was achieved in the first 5 min and reached equilibrium around 30 min. Sorption of Cu(II), Fe(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) in lake water by chemically modified biomasses was 24.31, 14.50, 8.03, and 8.21 mg/g by MLR, and 13.15, 10.50, 6.10, and 5.14 mg/g by MSB, respectively. These biosorbents are promising and low costs agricultural residues, and as for lettuce roots, these showed great potential even with no chemical modification.


Biomass valorization Sugarcane bagasse Lettuce roots Biosorption Isotherms Sorption kinetic Water decontamination Lake water 



The authors are grateful to Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo–FAPESP (Proc. 2016/06271-4) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior–CAPES for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priscila Aparecida Milani
    • 1
    • 2
  • João Luiz Consonni
    • 3
  • Geórgia Labuto
    • 4
  • Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins Carrilho
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratório de Materiais Poliméricos e BiossorventesUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências da Natureza, Matemática e EducaçãoUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Recursos Naturais e Proteção AmbientalUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidade Federal de São PauloDiademaBrazil

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