Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 10911–10925 | Cite as

Sorption and recovery of platinum from simulated spent catalyst solution and refinery wastewater using chemically modified biomass as a novel sorbent

  • Dipak J. Garole
  • Bharat C. Choudhary
  • Debajyoti Paul
  • Amulrao U. Borse
Research Article


In this study, Lagerstroemia speciosa biomass modified by polyethylenimine (PEI-LS) was developed as a potential biosorbent for sorption and recovery of platinum(II) from platinum bearing waste solutions. Batch experiments were conducted to study the effect of various parameters on the sorption and recovery of platinum(II) using PEI-LS. The equilibrium time for platinum(II) sorption process was found to be 6 h. Both the sorption kinetics and sorption isotherm data fits pseudo second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm, respectively. The maximum sorption capacity of platinum(II) onto PEI-LS at pH 2 for the studied temperature range (25–45 °C) is in the range of 122–154 mg/g. Evaluation of thermodynamic parameters suggests that the platinum(II) sorption is spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The regeneration of PEI-LS can be achieved using acidic thiourea as an eluent for recovery of platinum from the biosorbent. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis suggests many functional groups were involved in platinum(II) sorption onto PEI-LS. Both the scanning electron microscope/energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis suggest a successful modification of raw biomass with PEI. The XPS analysis further concludes that platinum(II) sorption is governed by ion-exchange and co-ordination reaction. Finally, the PEI-LS was shown to recover ≥ 90% of platinum from two simulated solutions: the acid-leached spent catalyst solution and refinery wastewater. The biosorbent developed in this study is a low-cost and eco-friendly media that can be effectively used for platinum recovery from industrial wastewater.


Platinum Biosorption Polyethylenimine Spent catalyst Wastewater 



Thanks are due to the Center for Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India for allowing to carry out all experimental work. We sincerely thank anonymous reviewer and Guilherme L. Dotto (Editor) for thoughtful and thorough reviews, which have significantly improved the clarity of the manuscript. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dipak J. Garole
    • 1
    • 4
  • Bharat C. Choudhary
    • 1
    • 2
  • Debajyoti Paul
    • 2
    • 3
  • Amulrao U. Borse
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical SciencesNorth Maharashtra UniversityJalgaonIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Science & EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  4. 4.Directorate of Geology and Mining, Government of MaharashtraNagpurIndia

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