Advertisement

A global perspective on the biology, impact and management of Chenopodium album and Chenopodium murale: two troublesome agricultural and environmental weeds

  • Ali Ahsan BajwaEmail author
  • Usman Zulfiqar
  • Sehrish Sadia
  • Prasanta Bhowmik
  • Bhagirath Singh Chauhan
Review Article
  • 98 Downloads

Abstract

Chenopodium album and C. murale are cosmopolitan, annual weed species of notable economic importance. Their unique biological features, including high reproductive capacity, seed dormancy, high persistence in the soil seed bank, the ability to germinate and grow under a wide range of environmental conditions and abiotic stress tolerance, help these species to infest diverse cropping systems. C. album and C. murale grow tall and absorb nutrients very efficiently. Both these species are allelopathic in nature and, thus, suppress the germination and growth of native vegetation and/or crop plants. These weed species infest many agronomic and horticultural crops and may cause > 90% loss in crop yields. C. album is more problematic than C. murale as the former is more widespread and infests more number of crops, and it also acts as an alternate host of several crop pests. Different cultural and mechanical methods have been used to control these weed species with varying degrees of success depending upon the cropping systems and weed infestation levels. Similarly, allelopathy and biological control have also shown some potential, especially in controlling C. album. Several herbicides have been successfully used to control these species, but the evolution of wide-scale herbicide resistance in C. album has limited the efficacy of chemical control. However, the use of alternative herbicides in rotation and the integration of chemicals and biologically based control methods may provide a sustainable control of C. album and C. murale.

Keywords

Chenopodium spp. Common lambsquarters Integrated weed management Herbicide resistance Weed biology Environmental protection 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors declare that there was no financial support received specifically for this manuscript. Ali Ahsan Bajwa is thankful to the University of Queensland for the provision of a scholarship for his PhD studies.

References

  1. Abdul Raoof KM, Siddiqui MB (2012) Allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts of different parts of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers on some weed plants. J Agric Ext Rur Dev 4:115–119Google Scholar
  2. Abe H, Ui T (1986) Host range of Polymyxa betp Keskin strains in rhizomania-infested soils of sugar beet fields in Japan. Ann Phytopathol Soc Jap 52:394–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad S, Cheema ZA, Mahmood A (1991) Response of some rabi weeds and wheat to allelopathic effects of irrigated sorghum in a sorghum wheat cropping systems. Pak J Weed Sci Res. 4:45–49Google Scholar
  4. Alam SM, Shaikh AH (2007) Influence of leaf extract of nettle leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale L.) and NaCl salinity on germination and seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa). Pak J Bot 39:1695–1699Google Scholar
  5. Alcantara C, Pujadas A, Saavedra M (2011) Management of Sinapis alba subsp mairei winter cover crop residues for summer weed control in southern Spain. Crop Prot 30:1239–1244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alister C, Kogan M (2005) Efficacy of imidazolinone herbicides applied to imidazolinone-resistant maize and their carryover effect on rotational crops. Crop Prot 24:375–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Al-Johani NS, Aytah AA, Boutraa T (2012) Allelopathy impact of two weeds, Chenopodium murale and Malva parviflora on growth and photosynthesis of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Pak J Bot 44:1865–1872Google Scholar
  8. Alok M, Bhagwan S (2007) Weed dynamics, productivity and economics of maize (Zea mays) as affected by integrated weed management under rainfed condition. Indian J Agron. 52:321–324Google Scholar
  9. Anjum T, Bajwa R (2007) The effect of sunflower leaf extracts on Chenopodium album in wheat fields in Pakistan. Crop Prot 26:1390–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Anonymous (2017) Invasive species compendium database, CAB International. Available at: www.cabi.org/isc. Accessed 10 Dec 2017
  11. Archibold OW (1981) Buried viable propagules in native prairie and adjacent agricultural sites in Central Saskatchewan. Canad J Bot 59:701–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Arora A, Yaduraju NT (1998) High-temperature effects on germination and viability of weed seeds in soil. J Agron Crop Sci 181:35–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ascard J (1995) Effects of flame weeding on weed species at different developmental stages. Weed Res 35:397–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Awan IU, Khan MA, Zareef M, Khan EA (2009) Weed management in sunflower with allelopathic water extract and reduced doses of a herbicide. Pak J Weed Sci Res 15:19–30Google Scholar
  15. Bajwa AA (2014) Sustainable weed management in conservation agriculture. Crop Prot 65:105–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bajwa AA, Mahajan G, Chauhan BS (2015) Nonconventional weed management strategies for modern agriculture. Weed Sci 63:723–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bajwa AA, Chauhan BS, Farooq M, Shabbir A, Adkins SW (2016) What do we really know about alien plant invasion? A review of the invasion mechanism of one of the world’s worst weeds. Planta 244:39–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bajwa AA, Walsh M, Chauhan BS (2017a) Weed management using crop competition in Australia. Crop Prot 95:8–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bajwa AA, Akhter MJ, Iqbal N, Peerzada AM, Hanif Z, Manalil S, Hashim S, Ali HH, Kebaso L, Frimpong D, Namubiru H, Chauhan BS (2017b) Biology and management of Avena fatua and Avena ludoviciana: two noxious weed species of agro-ecosystems. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:19465–19479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Balyan RS, Bhan VM, Malik RK (1988) Effect of herbicides rotation and crop rotation on weed complex. Har Agric Uni J Res 18:100–107Google Scholar
  21. Bandeen JD, Mclaren RD (1976) Resistance of Chenopodium album to triazine herbicides. Canad J Plant Sci 562:411–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Barnes JP, Putnam AR (1983) Rye residues contribute weed suppression in no-tillage cropping systems. J Chem Ecol 9:1045–1057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bassett IJ, Crompton CW (1978) The biology of Canadian weeds. 32. Chenopodium album L. Canad J Plant Sci. 58:1061–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Batish DR, Singh HP, Nipunika R, Kohli RK (2006) Assessment of allelopathic interference of Chenopodium album through its leachates, debris extracts rhizosphere and amended soil. Arch Agron Soil Sci 52:705–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Batish DR, Lavanya K, Singh HP, Kohli RK (2007a) Phenolic allelochemicals released by Chenopodium murale affect the growth, nodulation and macromolecule content in chickpea and pea. Plant Growth Regul 51:119–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Batish DR, Lavanya K, Singh HP, Kohli RK (2007b) Root mediated allelopathic interference of nettle-leaved goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) on wheat (Triticum aestivum). J Agron Crop Sci 193:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Beckett TH, Stoller WH, Wax LM (1988) Interference of four annual weeds in com (Zea mays). Weed Sci 36:764–769Google Scholar
  28. Bélair G, Benôit DL (1996) Host suitability of 32 common weeds to Meloidogyne hapla in organic soils of southwestern Quebec. J Nematol 28:643–647Google Scholar
  29. Bernstein ER, Stolteapplinberg DE, Posner JL, Hedtcke JL (2014) Weed community dynamics and suppression in tilled and no-tillage transitional organic winter rye-soybean systems. Weed Sci 62:125–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bhatia RK, Gill HS, Bandari SC, Khurana AS (1984) Allelopathic interactions of some tropical weeds. Indian J Weed Sci. 64:321–325Google Scholar
  31. Bhowmik PC (1982) Differential growth and response to temperature between two biotypes of Chenopodium album. Proc North Weed Sci Soc 36:89–93Google Scholar
  32. Bhowmik PC (1988) Cinmethylin for weed control in soybeans, Glycine max. Weed Sci 36:678–682Google Scholar
  33. Bhowmik PC (1997) Weed biology: importance to weed management. Weed Sci 45:349–356Google Scholar
  34. Bhowmik PC, Doll JD (1982) Corn and soybean response to allelopathic effects of weed and crop residues. Agron J 74:601–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Bhowmik PC, Inderjit (2003) Challenges and opportunities in implementing allelopathy for natural weed management. Crop Prot 22:661–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Bhowmik PC, Reddy KN (1988) Interference of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) in transplanted tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum). Weed Technol 2:505–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Biljon JJV, Hugo KJ, Iwanzik W (1988) Triasulfuron: a new broadleaf herbicide in wheat and barley. Appl Plant Sci 2:49–52Google Scholar
  38. Blackshaw RE, Brandt RN, Janzen HH, Entz T, Grant C, Derksen DA (2003) Differential response of weed species to added nitrogen. Weed Sci 51:532–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Blackshaw RE, Molnar LJ, Janzen HH (2004a) Nitrogen fertilizer timing and application method affect weed growth and competition. Weed Sci 52:614–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Blackshaw RE, Brandt RN, Janzen HH, Entz T (2004b) Weed species response to phosphorous fertilization. Weed Sci 52:406–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Brar LS, Singh L, Walia US (1991) Integrated weed control in toria (Brassica compestris var. toria). Indian J Weed Sci. 23:69–71Google Scholar
  42. Burgos NR, Talbert RE (1996) Weed control and sweet corn (Zea mays var. rugosa) response in a no-till system with cover crops. Weed Sci 44:355–361Google Scholar
  43. Campiglia E, Radicetti E, Mancinelli R (2012) Weed control strategies and yield response in a pepper crop (Capsicum annuum L.) mulched with hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) and oat (Avena sativa L.) residues. Crop Prot 33:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Caussanel JP, Kunesch G (1979) Qualitative and quantitative study of growth inhibitors in root exudates of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) at the beginning of its flowering in hydroponic culture and under controlled conditions. Z Pjlanzenphys 93:229–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Chaudhary GR, Gupta OP (1991) Response of cumin (Cuminum cyminum) to nitrogen application, weed control and sowing methods. Indian J Weed Sci. 36:212–216Google Scholar
  46. Cheema ZA, Khaliq A (2000) Use of sorghum allelopathic properties to control weeds in irrigated wheat in semi-arid region of Punjab. Agric Ecosyst Environ 79:105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Cheema ZA, Khaliq A, Akhtar S (2001) Use of sorghum water extract as a natural weed inhibitor in spring mungbean. Int J Agric Biol 3:515–518Google Scholar
  48. Chomas J, Kells JJ (2004) Triazine-resistant common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) control in corn with preemergence herbicides. Weed Technol 18:551–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Cimmino A, Andolfi A, Zonno MC, Avolio F, Santini A, Tuzi A, Berestetskiy A, Vurro M, Evidente A (2013a) Chenopodolin: a phytotoxic unrearranged entpimaradiene diterpene produced by Phoma chenopodiicola, a fungal pathogen for Chenopodium album biocontrol. J Nat Prod 76:1291–1297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Cimmino A, Andolfi A, Zonno MC, Avolio F, Berestetskiy A, Vurro M, Evidente A (2013b) Chenopodolans A–C: phytotoxic furopyrans produced by Phoma chenopodiicola, a fungal pathogen of Chenopodium album. Phytochemistry 96:208–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Conley SP, Stoltenberg DE, Boerboom CM, Binning LK (2003) Predicting soybean yield loss in giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) and common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) communities. Weed Sci 51:402–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Conn JS, Thomas DL (1987) Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) interference in spring barley. Weed Technol 1:312–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Corre-Hellou G, Dibet A, Hauggaard-Nielsen H, Crozat Y, Gooding M, Ambus P, Dahlmann C, Fragstein P, Pristeri A, Monti M (2011) The competitive ability of pea-barley intercrops against weeds and the interactions with crop productivity and soil N availability. Field Crops Res 122:264–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Crook TM, Renner KA (1990) Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) competition and time of removal in soybeans (Glycine max). Weed Sci 38:358–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Culpepper AS, York AC (2000) Weed management in ultra-narrow row cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol 14:19–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Curran B, Sprague C, Stachler J, Loux M (2012) The glyphosate, weeds, and crops series, biology and management of common lambsquarters. Available at: https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/BP/GWC-11.pdf. Accessed 05 Dec 2017
  57. Datta SC, Ghosh KN (1982) Effect of pre-sowing treatment of mustard seeds with leaf and inflorescence extracts of Chenopodium murale. Indian J Weed Sci. 14:1–6Google Scholar
  58. De Waele D, Jordaan EM, Basson S (1990) Host status of seven weed species and their effects on Ditylenchus destructor infestation on peanut. J Nematol 22:292–296Google Scholar
  59. Dejam M, Ebadi Pour AR, Pourazar R, Muhtasebi M (2010) Effect of mechanical (weeding) and chemical control on yield of onion cultivars. J Weeds Ecol 1:31–40Google Scholar
  60. Demjanová E, Macák M, Dalović I, Majerník F, Týr Š, Smatana J (2009) Effects of tillage systems and crop rotation on weed density, weed species composition and weed biomass in maize. Agron Res 7:785–792Google Scholar
  61. Dhima KV, Vasilakoglou IB, Eleftherohorinos IG, Lithourgidis AS (2006) Allelopathic potential of winter cereals and their cover crop mulch effect on grass weed suppression and corn development. Crop Sci 46:345–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Dhima KV, Vasilakoglou IB, Gatsis TD, Panou-Philotheou E, Eleftherohorinos IG (2009) Effects of aromatic plants incorporated as green manure on weed and maize development. Field Crops Res. 110:235–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Di Tomaso JM (1995) Approaches for improving crop competitiveness through the manipulation of fertilization strategies. Weed Sci 43:491–497Google Scholar
  64. Dmitrovic S, Ana S, Mitic N, Savic J, Cingel A, Filipovic B, Ninkovic S (2015) Hairy root exudates of allelopathic weed Chenopodium murale L. induce oxidative stress and down-regulate core cell cycle genes in Arabidopsis and wheat seedlings. Plant Growth Regul 75:365–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Dobariya VK, Mathukia RK, Gohil BS, Chhodavadia SK (2014) Integrated weed management in Rabi sweet corn (Zea mays L. var. Saccharata). Adv Crop Sci Tech 2:139.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8863.1000139 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Dyck E, Liebman M (1995) Crop-weed interference as influenced by a leguminous or synthetic fertilizer nitrogen source: II. Rotation experiments with crimson clover, field corn, and lambsquarters. Agric Ecosyst Environ 56:109–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Edim H (2009) Effect of nettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) on bulb onion (Allium cepa) yield. Appl Entomol Phytopathol 76:55–64Google Scholar
  68. Eleftherohorinos IG, Vasılakoglou IB, Dhima KV (2000) Metribuzin resistance in Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium album in Greece. Weed Sci 48:69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. El-Khatib AA (2000) The ecological significance of allelopathy in the community organization of Alhagi graecorum Boiss. Biol Plantar 43:427–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. El-Sayed NH, Awaad AS, Hifnawy MS, Mabry TJ (1999) A flavonol triglycoside from Chenopodium murale. Phytochemistry 51:591–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Evidente M, Cimmino A, Zonno MC, Masi M, Berestetskyi A, Santoro E, Superchi S, Vurro M, Evidente A (2015) Phytotoxins produced by Phoma chenopodiicola, a fungal pathogen of Chenopodium album. Phytochemistry 117:482–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Farooq M, Nawaz A (2014) Weed dynamics and productivity of wheat in conventional and conservation rice-based cropping systems. Soil Till Res. 141:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Farooq M, Bajwa AA, Cheema SA, Cheema ZA (2013) Application of allelopathy in crop production. Int J Agric Biol 15:1367–1378Google Scholar
  74. Fazali S, Muhammad K (1991) Effects of Dicuran MA-60 on weed control and wheat yield in irrigated farmer’s fields of Peshawar valley. Sarhad J Agric 7:69–74Google Scholar
  75. Fennimore SA, Jackson LE (2003) Organic amendment and tillage effects on vegetable field weed emergence and seedbanks. Weed Technol 17:42–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Fennimore SA, Smith RF, McGiffen ME Jr (2001) Weed management in fresh market spinach (Spinacia oleracea) with S-metolachlor. Weed Technol 15:511–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Fischer DW, Harvey RG, Bauman TT, Phillips S, Hart SE, Johnson GA, Kells JJ, Westra P, Lindquist J (2004) Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) interference with corn across the north central United States. Weed Sci 52:1034–1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Ghareib HRA, Abdelhamed MS, Ibrahim OH (2010) Antioxidative effects of the acetone fraction and vanillic acid from Chenopodium murale on tomato plants. Weed Biol Manage. 10:64–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Ghorbani R, Scheepens PC, Zweerde WVD, Leifert C, McDonald AJS, Seel W (2002) Effects of nitrogen availability and spore concentration on the biocontrol activity of Ascochyta caulina in common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album). Weed Sci 50:628–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Gillaspie AG, Ghabrial SA (1998) First report of peanut stunt cucumovirus naturally infecting Desmodium sp. Plant Dis 82:1402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Glenn S, Phillips WH, Kalnay P (1997) Long-term control of perennial broadleaf weeds and triazine-resistant common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) in no-till corn (Zea mays). Weed Technol 11:436–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Glowacka A (2011) Dominant weeds in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation and their competitiveness under conditions of various methods of weed control. Acta Agrobot 64:119–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Gogoi AK, Kalita H (1995) Effect of weed control and fertilizers placement on weeds, yield components and seed yield of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Indian J Agron. 4:643–646Google Scholar
  84. Golebiowska H, Kieloch R (2016) The competitive ability of Chenopodium album and Echinochloa crus-galli in maize crops depending on the time of their occurrence or removal. Acta Agrobot 69:1688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Gruber S, Claupein W (2009) Effect of tillage intensity on weed infestation under organic farming. Soil Till Res. 105:104–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Hayyat MS, Safdar ME, Akram M, Iqbal Z (2016) Screening of herbicides for efficient control of broadleaf weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pak J Weed Sci Res. 22:365–379Google Scholar
  87. Heap I (2018) The international survey of herbicide resistant weeds. Available at: www.weedscience.org. Accessed 14 Dec 2018
  88. Heidari G, Sohrabi Y, Mohammadi K, Heidari A, Majidi M (2011) Interference of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) with sugar beet. Amer J Agric Environ Sci 11:451–455Google Scholar
  89. Holm LG, Plucknett DL, Pancho JV, Herberger JP (1977) The world’s worst weeds. The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, pp 84–91Google Scholar
  90. Huang ZJ, Shrestha A, Tollenaar M, Deen W, Rahimian H, Swanton CJ (2001) Effect of temperature and photoperiod on the phonological development of common lambsquarters. Weed Sci 49:500–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Ibrahim LF, Kawashty SA, Baiuomy AR, Shabana MM, El-Eraky WI, El-Negoumy SI (2007) A comparative study of the flavonoids and some biological activities of two Chenopodium species. Chem Nat Comp 43:24–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Isaacs MA, Hatzios KK, Wilson HP, Toler JE (2006) Halosulfuron and 2,4-D mixtures’ effects on common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album). Weed Technol 20:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Jabran K, Cheema ZA, Farooq M, Basra SMA, Hussain M, Rehman H (2008) Tank mixing of allelopathic crop water extracts with pendimethalin helps in the management of weeds in canola (Brassica napus) field. Int J Agric Biol 10:293–296Google Scholar
  94. Jabran K, Cheema ZA, Farooq M, Hussain M (2010) Lower doses of pendimethalin mixed with allelopathic crop water extracts for weed management in canola (Brassica napus). Int J Agric Biol 12:335–340Google Scholar
  95. Jabran K, Mahmood K, Melander M, Bajwa AA, Kudsk P (2017) Weed dynamics and management in wheat. Adv Agron 145:97–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Jaiswal VP (1994) Differential response of weed species to herbicides in potato. J Indian Potato Assoc 21:157–159Google Scholar
  97. Keller M, Böhringer N, Möhring J, Rueda-Ayala V, Gutjahr C, Gerhards R (2014) Long-term changes in weed occurrence, yield and use of herbicides in maize in south-western Germany, with implications for the determination of economic thresholds. Weed Res 54:457–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Kempenaar C, Horsten P, Scheepens PC (1996) Growth and competitiveness of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) after foliar application of Ascochyta caulina as a mycoherbicide. Weed Sci 44:609–614Google Scholar
  99. Khan MA, Hussain I, Khan EA (2007) Suppressing effects of Eucalyptus camaldulensis L. on germination and seedling growth of six weeds. Pak J Weed Sci Res. 14:201–207Google Scholar
  100. Khanna-Chopra R, Sabarinath S (2004) Heat-stable chloroplastic Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase in Chenopodium murale. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 320:1187–1192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Krak K, Vít P, Belyayev A, Douda J, Hreusová L, Mandák B (2016) Allopolyploid origin of Chenopodium albums. str. (Chenopodiaceae): a molecular and cytogenetic insight. PLoS ONE 11:e 0161063.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161063
  102. Kropff MJ, Spitters CJT (1991) A simple model of crop loss by weed competition from early observations on relative leaf area of the weeds. Weed Res 31:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Lamp C, Collet F (1990) A field guide to weeds in Australia. Inkata Press, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  104. Malik RK, Panwar RS, Malik RS (1992) Chemical control of broad-leaf and grassy weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian J Agron. 37:324–326Google Scholar
  105. Maliwal PL, Gupta OP (1989) Study on the effect of four herbicides with and without applied phosphorus on weed control and seed yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-grpcum L.). Trop Pest Manage 35:307–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Maliwal PL, Jain GL (1991) Efficacy of fluchloralin and methabenzthiazuron for selective weed control in potato. Indian J Agron. 36:258–260Google Scholar
  107. Mallik MAB, Tesfai K (1988) Allelopathic effect of common weeds on soybean growth and soybean-Bradyrhizobium symbiosis. Plant Soil 112:177–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. McKenzie EHC, Dingley JM (1996) New plant disease records in New Zealand: miscellaneous fungal pathogens III. New Zealand J Bot 34:263–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Medina J (1996) Outline of the biology and ecology of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.). Agronomy 517: weed biology and ecology, technical report. Available at: http://agron-www.agron.iastate.edu/~weeds/weedbiollibrary/u4lq1.html. Accessed 08 Nov 2017
  110. Miri H, Rahimi Y (2009) Effects of combined and separate herbicide application on rapeseed and its weeds in southern Iran. Int J Agric Biol 11:257–260Google Scholar
  111. Mirshekari B, Karimi SY (2015) Evaluation of weeds control methods in form of mechanical and chemical on onion yield. J Biodiv Environ Sci 6:571–577Google Scholar
  112. Mishra JS, Singh VP (2012) Tillage and weed control effects on productivity of a dry seeded rice-wheat system on a vertisol in central India. Soil Till Res 123:11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Mitic N, Dmitrovic S, Zdravkovic-Korac S, Nikolic R, Raspor M, Djordjevic V, Zivkovic S, Krstic-Milosevic D, Stanisic M, Ninkovic S (2012) Use of Chenopodiuum murale L. transgenic hairy root in vitro culture system as a new tool for allelopathic assays. J Plant Physiol 160:1203–1211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Moechnig MJ, Boerboom CM, Stoltenberg DE, Binning LK (2003) Growth interactions in communities of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), giant foxtail (Setaria faberi), and corn. Weed Sci 51:363–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Monks CD, Wilcut JW, Richburg JS (1993) Broadleaf weed control in soyabean (Glycine max) with chlorimuron plus acifluorfen or thifensulfuron mixtures. Weed Technol 7:317–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Moran NA, Whitham TG (1988) Evolutionary reduction of complex life cycles: loss of host-alternation in Pemphigus (Homoptera: Aphididae). Evolution 42:717–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Nadeem MA, Tanveer A, Naqqash T, Jhala AJ, Mubeen K (2013) Determining critical weed competition periods for black seed. J Animal Plant Sci 23:216–221Google Scholar
  118. Netland J, Dutton LC, Greaves MP, Baldwin M, Vurro M, Evidente A, Einhorn G, Scheepens PC, French LW (2001) Biological control of Chenopodium album L. in Europe. BioControl 46:175–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Norsworthy JK, Ward SM, Shaw DR, Llewellyn RS, Nichols RL, Webster TM, Bradley KW, Frisvold G, Powles SB, Burgos NR, Witt WW, Barrett M (2012) Reducing the risks of herbicide resistance: best management practices and recommendations. Weed Sci 60:31–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Nurse RE, Robinson DE, Hamill AS, Sikkema PH (2006) Annual broadleaved weed control in transplanted tomato with clomazone in Canada. Crop Prot 25:795–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Oad FC, Siddiqui MH, Buriro UA (2007) Growth and yield losses in wheat due to different weed densities. Asian J Plant Sci 6:173–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Ogut D, Nedim DM, Einhorn G (2012) Control of Chenopodium album L. utilizing two plant pathogenic fungi in combination with reduced doses of nicosulfuron. In: Proceedings of 25th German conference on weed biology and weed control. Braunschweig, Germany, 13–15 March, 2012. Julius-Kühn-Archiv 434:281–287Google Scholar
  123. Omezine A (2017) Competitive interactions of Capsicum annuum L. with Chenopodium murale L.: a replacement series study. Pak J Weed Sci Res. 23:17–40Google Scholar
  124. Overland L (1966) The role of allelopathic substances in the ‘smother crop’ barley. Amer J Bot 53:423–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Pannacci E, Covarelli G (2009) Efficacy of mesotrione used at reduced doses for post emergence weed control in maize (Zea mays L.). Crop Prot 28:57–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Parks RJ, Curran WS, Roth GW, Hartwig NL, Calvin DD (1995) Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) control in corn (Zea mays) with postemergence herbicides and cultivation. Weed Technol 9:728–735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Peterson J, Belz R, Walker F, Hurle K (2001) Weed suppression by release of isocynates from turnip-rape mulch. Agron J 93:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Porwal MK, Singh MM (1993) Effect of nitrogen and weed management on onion (Allium cepa). Indian J Agron 38:74–77Google Scholar
  129. Przepiorkowski T, Gorski SF (1994) Influence of rye (Secale cereale) plant residues on germination and growth of three triazine-resistant and susceptible weeds. Weed Technol 8:744–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Putnam AR, DeFrank J (1983) Use of phytotoxic plant residues for selective weed control. Crop Prot 2:173–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Qasem JR (1990) Aqueous extract effect of nettle-leaved goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) on wheat and barley. Res J Aleppo Uni 14:37–53Google Scholar
  132. Qasem JR (1992) Nutrient accumulation by weeds and their associated vegetable crops (II). Damascus Uni J 7:33–54Google Scholar
  133. Qasem JR (1995) Allelopathic effect of Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium murale on vegetable crops. Allelopathy J. 2:49–66Google Scholar
  134. Qasem JR (1996a) Weed competition in garlic (Allium sativum L.). J Hort Sci 71:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Qasem JR (1996b) Chemical weed control in garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Jordan. Crop Prot 15:21–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Qasem JR (1997) Competitive ability of Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium murale and its effect on tomato growth. Dirasat Agric Sci 24:96–112Google Scholar
  137. Qasem JR (2002) Allelopathic effects of selected medicinal plants on Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium murale. Allelopathy J 10:105–122Google Scholar
  138. Qasem JR (2006) Chemical weed control in seedbed sown onion (Allium cepa L.). Crop Prot 25:618–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Qasem JR (2007) Weed control in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.) with herbicides. Crop Prot 26:1013–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Rahman A, James T, Trolove M (2014) Characteristics and control of dicamba-resistant common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album). Weed Biol Manage 14:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Ramakudzibga AM (1991) Allelopathic effects of aqueous wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) straw extracts on the germination of eight arable weeds found in Zimbabwe. Zimb J Agric Res 29:77–79Google Scholar
  142. Randall JM (1996) Weed control for the preservation of biological diversity. Weed Technol 10:370–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Rao AS, Ratnam M, Reddy TY (2009) Weed management in zero-till sown maize. Indian J Weed Sci 41:46–49Google Scholar
  144. Rehman S, Shahzad B, Bajwa AA, Hussain S, Rehman A, Cheema SA, Abbas T, Ali A, Shah L, Adkins S, Li P (2018) Utilizing the allelopathic potential of Brassica species for sustainable crop production: a review. J Plant Growth Reg. Published online.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-018-9798-7
  145. Reinhardt CF, Meissner R, Labuschagne N (1994) Allelopathic interactions between Chenopodium album L. and certain crop species. South Afr J Plant Soil 11:45–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Reinhardt CF, Meissner R, van Wyk LJ (1997) Allelopathic effects of Chenopodium album L. and Chenopodium polyspermum L. on another weed and two crop species. South Afr J Plant Soil 14:165–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Rezaie F, Yarnia M (2009) Allelopathic effects of Chenopodium album, Amaranthus retroflexus and Cynodon dactylon on germination and growth of safflower. J Food Agric Environ 7:516–521Google Scholar
  148. Rezaie F, Yarnia M, Mirshekari B (2008) Allelopathic effect of pigweed and lambsquarters different organs extracts on germination and growth of canola. Mod Agric Sci 4:41–55Google Scholar
  149. Saberali SF (2008) Influence of corn density and planting pattern on the growth of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.). Weed Biol Manage. 8:54–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Santos BM, Dusky JA, Stall WM, Gillreath JP (2004) Influence of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) densities and phosphorus fertilization on lettuce. Crop Prot 23:173–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Sanyal D, Bhowmik PC, Anderson RL, Shrestha A (2008) Revisiting the perspective and progress of integrated weed management. Weed Sci 56:161–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Sarabi V, Mahallati MN, Nezami A, Mohassel MHR (2013) Effects of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) emergence time and density on growth and competition of maize (Zea mays L.). Aust J Crop Sci 7:532–537Google Scholar
  153. Satour MM, El-Sherif EM, El-Ghareeb L, El-Hadad SA, El-Wakil HR (1991) Achievements of soil solarization in Egypt. FAO plant production and protection paper 109:200–212Google Scholar
  154. Scheepens PC, Kempenaar C, Andreasen C, Eggers TH, Netland J, Vurro M (1997) Biological control of the annual weed Chenopodium album, with emphasis on the application of Ascochyta caulina as a microbial herbicide. Integ Pest Manage Rev 2:71–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Schweizer EE (1983) Common lambsquarter (Chenopodium album) interference in sugarbeets (Beta vulgaris). Weed Sci 31:5–8Google Scholar
  156. Shabbir A, Bajwa AA, Dhileepan K, Zalucki M, Khan N, Adkins S (2018) Integrated use of biological approaches provides effective control of parthenium weed. Arch Agron Soil Sci 64:1861–1878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Sharma RC, Banik P (2013) Baby corn-legumes intercropping system: II weed dynamics and community structure. NJAS Wagen J Life Sci 67:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Sharma A, Ram R, Zaidi AA (1998) Rubus ellipticus, a perennial weed host of prunus necrotic ring spot virus in India. Plant Dis 82:1283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Shawn DA, John WW, John RC (1999) Weed management in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) with flumioxazin preemergence. Weed Technol 13:594–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Shurtleff JL, Coble HD (1985) Interference of certain broadleaf weed species in soybeans (Glycine max). Weed Sci 33:654–657Google Scholar
  161. Sibuga KP, Bandeen JD (1980) Effects of green foxtail and lambsquarters interference in field corn. Canad J Plant Sci. 60:1419–1425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Siddiqui I, Bajwa R, Javaid A (2010) Effect of six problematic weeds on growth and yield of wheat. Pak J Bot 42:2461–2471Google Scholar
  163. Skrzypczak GA, Sobiech L, Waniorek W (2011) Evaluation of the efficacy of mesotrione plus nicosulfuron with additives as tank mixtures used for weed control in maize (Zea mays L.). J Plant Prot Res 51:300–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Solymosi P, Lehoczki E (1989) Characterization of a triple (atrazine-pyrazon-pyridate) resistant biotype of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.). J Plant Physiol 4:685–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Srivastava AK (1967) Ecological studies of Chenopodium album L. Ann Arid Z 6:212–214Google Scholar
  166. Stevens M, Smith HG, Hallsworth PB (1994) The host range of beet yellowing viruses among common arable weed species. Plant Pathol 43:579–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Stewart CL, Soltani N, Robert EN, Allan SH, Peter HS (2012) Precipitation influences pre- and post-emergence herbicide efficacy in corn. Amer J Plant Sci 3:1193–1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Stokes P, Rowley-Conwy P (2000) Iron age cultigen? Experimental return rates for fat hen (Chenopodium album L.). Environ Arch 7:95–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Sundaram S, Khanna S, Khanna-Chopra R (2009) Purification and characterization of thermostable monomeric chloroplastic Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase from Chenopodium murale. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 15:199–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Tag-El-Din A, Ghandorah MO, Al-Rajhi D, Meneesy F (1989) Evaluation of herbicides for weed control in irrigated wheat in Saudi Arabia. Trop Pest Manage. 35:321–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Tanveer A, Nadeem MA, Ali A, Tahir M, Zamir MI (2009) Germination behavior of seeds from herbicide treated plants of Chenopodium album L. Ann Braz Acad Sci 81:873–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Teasdale JR (1993) Reduced-herbicide weed management systems for no-tillage corn (Zea mays) in a hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) cover crop. Weed Technol 7:879–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Toole EH, Brown E (1946) Final results of the Duvel buried seed experiments. J Agric Res 72:201–210Google Scholar
  174. Trabulsi IY, Abul-Hayja Z (1982) Chemical control of weeds in transplanted tomatoes in Saudi Arabia. Crop Prot 1:465–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Verma S (2017) Review study on pharmacological potential of Chenopodium album (bathua): Chenopodiaceae. World J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci 6:481–485Google Scholar
  176. Vurro M, Zonno MC, Evidente A, Andolfi A, Montemurro P (2001) Enhancement of efficacy of Ascochyta caulina to control Chenopodium album by use of phytotoxins and reduced rates of herbicides. Biol Control 21:182–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Weber JF, Kunz C, Peteinatos GG, Zikeli S, Gerhards R (2017) Weed control using conventional tillage, reduced tillage, no-tillage, and cover crops in organic soybean. Agriculture 7:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Williams JT (1964) A study of the competitive ability of Chenopodium album L. Weed Res 4:283–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Wrubel RP, Gressel J (1994) Are herbicide mixtures useful for delaying evolution of resistance? A case study. Weed Technol 8:635–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. WSSA (2018) Composite list of weeds, Weed Science Society of America. Available at: http://wssa.net/wssa/weed/composite-list-of-weeds/. Accessed 06 March 2018
  181. Yao S, Lan H, Zhang F (2010) Variation of seed heteromorphism in Chenopodium album and the effect of salinity stress on the descendants. Ann Bot 105:1015–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Younesi O, Sharif-zadeh F, Ftahi F, Pirouzi B (2008) Study of allelopathic potential of rye and wheat on germination and growth of lambsquarter (Chenopodium album) and black nightshade (Solanum nigrum). Iran J Agric Sci 2:41–49Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agriculture and Food SciencesThe University of QueenslandGattonAustralia
  2. 2.The Centre for Crop Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food InnovationThe University of QueenslandGattonAustralia
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of BotanyLahore College for Women UniversityLahorePakistan
  5. 5.Stockbridge School of AgricultureUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

Personalised recommendations