Biosorption of dysprosium (III) using raw and surface-modified bark powder of Mangifera indica: isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies
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In this paper, we have used HDTMA-Br- and NaOH-treated bark powder of Mangifera indica as bio-sorbents for the removal of dysprosium (III) from its aqueous solution. The adsorption process was investigated at different experimental parameters such as contact time, temperature, pH, adsorbent dose, and initial metal concentration. The amount of chemically modified bark powder required was almost two times lesser than raw bark to get a higher percentage removal of the metal ion. The kinetics results revealed the adsorption process follows the nonlinear form a pseudo-second-order model. The negative values of Gibbs free energy change (∆G°) indicated the spontaneity of the adsorption process. The enthalpy change (∆H°) and entropy change (∆S°) of adsorption were 60.97 kJ/mol and 0.48 J/mol K, respectively signified it as an endothermic process. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 55.04 mg/g for sorption of Dy (III) on NaOH-treated bark powder and was better fitted to Langmuier model. It was confirmed to follow physisorption process and the activation energy of the system was found to be 41.07 kJ/mol. The possibility of adsorbent and adsorbate interactions were indicated by the FTIR and SEM/EDX analysis.
KeywordsBiosorption Mangifera indica Dysprosium Nonlinear regression Kinetics Thermodynamics Isotherms
The authors thank Director, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar for providing the facilities to carry out this work and CSIR for funding the project.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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