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Experimental investigation and exergy analysis on homogeneous charge compression ignition engine fueled with natural gas and diethyl ether

  • Vadivel NatesanEmail author
  • Somasundaram Periyasamy
  • Krishnamoorthi Muniappan
  • Sakthivel Rajamohan
Research Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, diethyl ether (DEE) and compressed natural gas (CNG) port fuel injection (PFI) was investigated in direct injection (DI) compression ignition engine to determine the performance, combustion, and emission behaviors. In dual fuel mode, DEE and neat diesel were used as fuel energy, whereas in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) mode, DEE, and CNG were used as fuel energy. The engine behavior was analyzed for different inlet charge temperatures. Exergy analysis has been carried out for analyzing the various availability shares in the engine. The maximum brake thermal efficiency of the engine increased at peak load from 27.31% in neat diesel to 29.12% for dual fuel mode (D + CNG). Hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions were reduced and oxides of nitrogen increased with the inlet charge heating mode. Maximum exergy efficiency was observed as 57.1% in dual fuel operation. The result of this work proves that CNG in dual and HCCI are effective for engine operation.

Keywords

Charge inlet temperature CNG Diethyl ether Dual fuel HCCI 

Nomenclature

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

atm

ambient/atmosphere condition

BSEC

brake specific energy consumption

BTE

brake thermal efficiency

CA

crank angle

CAD

crank angle displacement

CI

compression ignition

CIT

charge inlet temperature

CN

cetane number

CO

carbon monoxide

CO2

carbon dioxide

CR

compression ratio

D

neat diesel

DEE

diethyl ether

EGR

exhaust gas recirculation

HC

hydrocarbon

HHV

higher heating value

HRR

heat release rate

IC

internal combustion

IP

injection pressure

IT

injection timing

LHV

lower heating value

NOx

oxides of nitrogen

HCCI

homogeneous charge compression ignition

SVO

straight vegetable oil

TDC

top dead center

Greek letter

γ

ratio of specific heats

ɳII or ɛ

exergy efficiency

θ

crank angle

ρ

density

ʋ

viscosity (centistokes)

Subscripts

0

dead state condition

a

atmosphere condition

cw

cooling water

des

destroyed

eg

exhaust gas

in

input

Notes

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vadivel Natesan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Somasundaram Periyasamy
    • 2
  • Krishnamoorthi Muniappan
    • 1
  • Sakthivel Rajamohan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGovernment College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKongu Engineering CollegePerunduraiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of EngineeringAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia

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