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Influence of metal-based cerium oxide nanoparticle additive on performance, combustion, and emissions with biodiesel in diesel engine

  • Megavath Vijay KumarEmail author
  • Aluri Veeresh Babu
  • Puli Ravi Kumar
Research Article
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

Biodiesel has been renowned as potential and alternative fuel for years. In order to improve the quality of the conventional fossil fuels, biodiesel, and air pollution from combustion, additives are essential to exploit. In this study, the uses of cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticle additive for B20 fuel in a diesel engine are investigated. The CeO2 nanoparticles with cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide are doped into the B20 fuel by using ultrasonicator. The purpose of the experimental work was adopted to enhance engine combustion and reduce the emissions with an approach of CeO2 nanoparticle additive. The experiment was conducted on a diesel engine using different propagation of CeO2 nanoparticle in blended mahua methyl ester fuel such as B20 + CeO2 50 ppm, B20 + CeO2 100 ppm, and B20 + CeO2 150 ppm. The obtained results are compared with the diesel and B20 fuels. The minor changes are obtained in B20 fuel properties due to the addition of CeO2 nanoparticles. The performance of brake thermal efficiency and combustion of pressure data is observed to be enhanced by the addition of a metal-based additive. The CO, HC, and smoke are decreased for B20 fuel with nanoparticles. The NOx is reduced by dosing the CeO2 due to the oxidation of unburned CeO2 in the exhaust.

Keywords

Cerium oxide nanoparticle Cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide Transmission electron microscopy Diesel Mahua methyl ester Diesel engine 

Abbreviations

BP

Brake power

HRR

Heat release rate

BSEC

Brake-specific energy consumption

H2O

Water vapor

BSFC

Brake-specific fuel consumption

ID

Ignition delay

BMEP

Brake mean effective pressure

IT

Injection timing

bTDC

Before top dead center

MME

Mahua methyl ester

BTE

Brake thermal efficiency

MGT

Mean gas temperature

CA

Crank angle

N2

Nitrogen

cTAB

Cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

CI

Compression ignition

N2O

Nitrous oxide

CO

Carbon monoxide

NO

Nitric oxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

NO2

Nitrogen dioxide

CeO2

Cerium oxide

O2

Oxygen

DI

Direct injection

PM

Particulate matter

FAME

Fatty acid methyl ester

PPM

Parts per million

HC

Hydrocarbon

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are very grateful to the Director of National Institute of Technology Warangal for granting permission to do the research in the mechanical laboratory.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNIT WarangalWarangalIndia

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