Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 7651–7664 | Cite as

Influence of metal-based cerium oxide nanoparticle additive on performance, combustion, and emissions with biodiesel in diesel engine

  • Megavath Vijay KumarEmail author
  • Aluri Veeresh Babu
  • Puli Ravi Kumar
Research Article


Biodiesel has been renowned as potential and alternative fuel for years. In order to improve the quality of the conventional fossil fuels, biodiesel, and air pollution from combustion, additives are essential to exploit. In this study, the uses of cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticle additive for B20 fuel in a diesel engine are investigated. The CeO2 nanoparticles with cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide are doped into the B20 fuel by using ultrasonicator. The purpose of the experimental work was adopted to enhance engine combustion and reduce the emissions with an approach of CeO2 nanoparticle additive. The experiment was conducted on a diesel engine using different propagation of CeO2 nanoparticle in blended mahua methyl ester fuel such as B20 + CeO2 50 ppm, B20 + CeO2 100 ppm, and B20 + CeO2 150 ppm. The obtained results are compared with the diesel and B20 fuels. The minor changes are obtained in B20 fuel properties due to the addition of CeO2 nanoparticles. The performance of brake thermal efficiency and combustion of pressure data is observed to be enhanced by the addition of a metal-based additive. The CO, HC, and smoke are decreased for B20 fuel with nanoparticles. The NOx is reduced by dosing the CeO2 due to the oxidation of unburned CeO2 in the exhaust.


Cerium oxide nanoparticle Cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide Transmission electron microscopy Diesel Mahua methyl ester Diesel engine 



Brake power


Heat release rate


Brake-specific energy consumption


Water vapor


Brake-specific fuel consumption


Ignition delay


Brake mean effective pressure


Injection timing


Before top dead center


Mahua methyl ester


Brake thermal efficiency


Mean gas temperature


Crank angle




Cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide


Oxides of nitrogen


Compression ignition


Nitrous oxide


Carbon monoxide


Nitric oxide


Carbon dioxide


Nitrogen dioxide


Cerium oxide




Direct injection


Particulate matter


Fatty acid methyl ester


Parts per million




Transmission electron microscopy



The authors are very grateful to the Director of National Institute of Technology Warangal for granting permission to do the research in the mechanical laboratory.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNIT WarangalWarangalIndia

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