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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 19119–19135 | Cite as

Human health risk exposure with respect to particulate-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at mine fire-affected coal mining complex

  • Debananda RoyEmail author
  • Yong-Chil Seo
  • Sweta Sinha
  • Abir Bhattacharya
  • Gurdeep Singh
  • Pallab Kr. Biswas
Alteration and element mobility at the microbe-mineral interface

Abstract

Particulate-bound poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of great concern due to their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity effect on human health. In this context, identification, quantification and inhalation cancer risk (ICR) assessment due to PM10- and PM2.5-bound PAHs has been carried out at six monitoring stations in a critically polluted Jharia coalfield/Dhanbad City. Identification of pollution sources at study area has been performed by using PCA statistical methods. Air quality index (AQI) and air quality health index (AQHI) were calculated based on the concentration levels of PM10. Location-wise direct comparison between AQI, AQHI and ICR was performed to analyse the risk levels. Consequently, maximum concentration levels of particulate (PM2.5 and PM10)-bound total PAHs (400 and 482 ng/m3) were recorded at the monitoring station Lodna Thana, followed by Bank More and Sijua Stadium, respectively. It was also observed that mine fire-affected station Lodna Thana was exaggerated with presence of PAHs due to wood and open coal burning activities. Moreover, about 1000 and 889 cases of inhalation cancer risk were estimated due to direct exposure of PM10- and PM2.5-bound PAHs in the study area, respectively. Active mine fire-affected station Lodna Thana was recorded with maximum probability of lung tumour due to inhalation cancer risk. This study has reported higher AQHI at station Dugdha Basti, Lodna Thana and Bank More, which results increased number of tumours due to ICR. This result concludes that Jharia coalfield/Dhanbad City are not only critically polluted area but it is also an inhalation cancer prone area due to direct exposure of active mine fire.

Keywords

PM10 PM2.5 PAHs Health risk analysis Air pollution Coal mining 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the editors and reviewers for providing many valuable suggestions for improving the manuscript. The authors (1st and 3rd) are thankful to Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad for providing the Junior Research Fellowship to carry out this study. The communicating author is also thankful to KRF organization committee and Dean and Director of Yonsei University, South Korea, for providing a platform for the current research.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_9202_MOESM1_ESM.docx (11 kb)
Table TS1 (DOCX 11 kb)
11356_2017_9202_MOESM2_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Table TS2 (DOCX 13 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debananda Roy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yong-Chil Seo
    • 1
  • Sweta Sinha
    • 2
  • Abir Bhattacharya
    • 3
  • Gurdeep Singh
    • 4
  • Pallab Kr. Biswas
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringYonsei UniversityWonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science & EngineeringMarwadi Education Foundation & Group of InstitutionsRajkotIndia
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsMarwadi Education Foundation & Group of InstitutionsRajkotIndia
  4. 4.Vinoba Bhave UniversityHazaribagIndia
  5. 5.Government College of Engineering and Leather TechnologySalt Lake, KolkataIndia

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