Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 18, pp 17939–17949 | Cite as

Comprehensive evaluation on low-carbon development of coal enterprise groups

  • Bang-jun WangEmail author
  • Yan-fang Wu
  • Jia-lu Zhao
Environmental Pollution and Energy Management


Scientifically evaluating the level of low-carbon development in terms of theoretical and practical significance is extremely important to coal enterprise groups for implementing national energy-related systems. This assessment can assist in building institutional mechanisms that are conducive for the economic development of coal business cycle and energy conservation as well as promoting the healthy development of coal enterprises to realize coal scientific development and resource utilization. First, by adopting systematic analysis method, this study builds low-carbon development evaluation index system for coal enterprise groups. Second, to determine the weight serving as guideline and criteria of the index, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is applied using integrated linear weighted sum method to evaluate the level of low-carbon development of coal enterprise groups. Evaluation is also performed by coal enterprise groups, and the process comprises field analysis and evaluation. Finally, industrial policies are proposed regarding the development of low-carbon coal conglomerate strategies and measures. This study aims mainly to guide the low-carbon development of coal enterprise groups, solve the problem of coal mining and the destruction of ecological environment, support the conservation of raw materials and various resources, and achieve the sustainable development of the coal industry.


Coal enterprise group Low-carbon development Evaluation index system Comprehensive evaluation Linear weighted summation method (LWSM) Development countermeasures 



We also want to thank the editor and the reviewers.


  1. An Q, Wen Y, Xiong B, Yang M, Chen X (2017) Allocation of carbon dioxide emission permits with the minimum cost for Chinese provinces in big data environment. J Clean Prod 142:886–893. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cheng J (2011) How the coal enterprises to take the road of low carbon recycling economy. Coal 20(10):70–73 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Cheng Q, Su B, Tan J (2013) Developing an evaluation index system for low-carbon tourist attractions in China – a case study examining the Xixi wetland. Tour Manag 36(3):314–320. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohan DS, Douglass C (2011) Potential emissions reductions from grandfathered coal power plants in the United States. Energy Policy 39(9):4816–4822. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dou X (2013) Low carbon-economy development: China’s pattern and policy selection. Energy Policy 63(C):1013–1020. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Emodi NV, Emodi CC, Murthy GP, Emodi ASA (2017) Energy policy for low carbon development in Nigeria: a LEAP model application. Renew Sust Energy Rev 68(part 1):247–261. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo R, Zhao Y, Shi Y, Li F, Hu J, Yang H (2017) Low carbon development and local sustainability from a carbon balance perspective. Resour Conserv Recycl 122(supplement C):270–279. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hak M, Matsuoka Y, Gomi K (2017) A qualitative and quantitative design of low-carbon development in Cambodia: energy policy. Energy Policy 100(supplement C):237–251. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. He J K (2016) Global low-carbon transition and China’s response strategies. Adv Clim Chang Res 7(4):204–212Google Scholar
  10. Hualing S, Cunfang L, Mei T (2017) Evaluate effects of integration of coal resource under the background of low carbon economy. China Min Mag 26(5):46–52. (in chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Jorgenson AK (2012) The sociology of ecologically unequal exchange and carbon dioxide emissions, 1960–2005. Soc Sci Res 41(2):242–252. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jun XU, Dong-Dong MA, Wang SP (2013) SWOT analysis and countermeasures on development of low carbon economy in coal enterprises. Resour Dev MarketGoogle Scholar
  13. Kameyama Y, Morita K, Kubota I (2016) Finance for achieving low-carbon development in Asia: the past, present, and prospects for the future. J Clean Prod 128(supplement C):201–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kawase R, Matsuoka Y, Fujino J (2006) Decomposition analysis of CO2 emission in long-term climate stabilization scenarios. Energy Policy 34(15):2113–2122. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kedia S (2016) Approaches to low carbon development in China and India. Adv Clim Chang Res 7(4):213–221. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kreutz T, Williams R, Consonni S, Chiesa P (2005) Co-production of hydrogen, electricity and CO2 from coal with commercially ready technology. Part B: economic analysis. Int J Hydrog Energy 30(7):769–784. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lei M, Yin Z, Yu X, Deng S (2017) Carbon-weighted economic development performance and driving force analysis: evidence from China. Energy Policy 111(supplement C):179–192. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li J, Lin B (2016) Inter-factor/inter-fuel substitution, carbon intensity, and energy-related CO2 reduction: empirical evidence from China. Energy Econ 56:483–494. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li Q, Long R, Chen H (2017) Empirical study of the willingness of consumers to purchase low-carbon products by considering carbon labels: a case study. J Clean ProdGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu JT (2011) Reflection on low-carbon development of coal energy in China. J China Univ Min TechnolGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu C, Feng Y (2011) Low-carbon economy: theoretical study and development path choice in China. Energy Procedia 5(1):487–493Google Scholar
  22. Liu Q, Gao H-L, Zhang Z-H (2012) Study on the choosing of low-carbon coal business transformation. Mod Econ Info 16:32. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Liu H, Lin B (2017) Cost-based modelling of optimal emission quota allocation. J Clean Prod 149:472–484. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu Q, Chen Y, Tian C, Zheng X-Q, Li J-F (2016) Strategic deliberation on development of low-carbon energy system in China. Adv Clim Chang Res 7(1):26–34. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mao H, Matsuoka Y, Gomi K (2017) A qualitative and quantitative design of low-carbon development in Cambodia: energy policy. Energy Policy 100:237–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Melville NP, Saldanha T, Rush D (2017) Systems enabling low-carbon operations: the salience of accuracy. J Clean Prod 166:1074–1083. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Miao P, Sun XL, Zhang JH (2012) Research on development model of low-carbon economy in China's large-scale coal enterprises. China Min MagGoogle Scholar
  28. Pan JY (2012) Consideration on sustainable development of state-owned large coal Enterprise Group. Coal Econ ResGoogle Scholar
  29. Penglin L, Haojie L (2015) The comprehwnsive evaluation and empirical study of low carbon economy in coal enterprises based onAHP & entropy. China Coal (5), 16-23. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Shrestha RM, Shakya SR (2012) Benefits of low carbon development in a developing country: case of Nepal. Energy Econ 34(supplement 3):S503–S512. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tang D, Song P, Zhong F, Li C (2012) Research on evaluation index system of low-carbon manufacturing industry. Energy Procedia 16(part a):541–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang LH (2013) Build new mode of trade in coal enterprises based on low-carbon sight. Coal TechnolGoogle Scholar
  33. Wang C, Engels A, Wang Z (2017) Overview of research on China’s transition to low-carbon development: the role of cities, technologies, industries and the energy system. Renew Sust Energ Rev 81:1350–1364. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. XiaolinW (2012) Study on the low-carbon economy model of Panjiang coal mining area. China University of Mining and Technology. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  35. Xie K, Li W, Zhao W (2010) Coal chemical industry and its sustainable development in China ☆. Energy 35(11):4349–4355. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Xie Z, Gao X, Feng C, He J (2016a) Study on the evaluation system of urban low carbon communities in Guangdong province. Ecol Indic 74:500–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Xie Z, Gao X, He J, Feng C (2016b) Evaluating rural low-carbon communities: a study of Guangdong Province, China. Energy Build 133:777–789. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Xinyu W (2016) Comprehensive evaluation methods and demonstration of low carbon economy in coal enterprises. Capital University of Economics and Business. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  39. Yixin R, Xizhuo Z (2017) A study on the mechanism of energy integration on low carbon development in coal mining area—base on Marx’s social Total product value model. Technol Innov Manag 5:491–496 (in chinese)Google Scholar
  40. Zhang W, Lu J, Zhang Y (2016) Comprehensive evaluation index system of low carbon road transport based on fuzzy evaluation method. Procedia Eng 137:659–668. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhao G, Guerrero JM, Jiang K, Chen S (2017) Energy modelling towards low carbon development of Beijing in 2030. Energy 121(supplement C):107–113. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhou Z, Zhang X, Dong W (2013) Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation for safety guarantee system of reclaimed water quality. Procedia Environ Sci 18:227–235. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhou K, Yang S, Shen C, Ding S, Sun C (2015) Energy conservation and emission reduction of China’s electric power industry. Renew Sust Energ Rev 45:10–19. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations