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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 18, pp 17885–17890 | Cite as

Heavy metal pollution in Nanchang City and its health implication on traffic policemen

  • Xiaozhen Liu
  • Yue LiangEmail author
  • Jiangmei Guo
Environmental Pollution and Energy Management
  • 165 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the health effect of heavy metal pollution in air pollutants on traffic policemen. This study will facilitate the scientific evaluation of health status of traffic policemen. PM10 samples were collected from industrial area, congested traffic area and residential area respectively in Nanchang City, and the concentrations of heavy metals were analyzed. The traffic policemen were examined through chest X-rays. The total of 637 urine samples and 142 blood samples have been collected, and the concentrations of Pb in samples were detected. Vehicle flux data of Nanchang City were collected from the Department of Transport’s Traffic Management. Statistic analyses were carried out by statistics software of Excel 2003 and SPSS20.0, and the health effect of heavy metal pollution of PM10 on the traffic policemen was evaluated. The discharge of pollutants from enterprises is an important reason for the high content of heavy metals in urban air pollution. With the rapid growth of urban traffic flow, Bayi Bridge becomes an important transportation hinge in Nanchang City, and the bidirectional traffic flow rate through the bridge at peak hours reached 99 vehicles per minute. The latent hazard of occupational harm on the traffic policemen caused by automobile exhaust is increasing. The concentration of Pb in the urine and blood samples from traffic policemen working in Nanchang City was 268.310 ± 177.031 and 22.873 ± 21.137 μg/L, respectively. Both results (2.04% of Pb in urine and 18.31% of Pb in blood) exceeded the highest limit of observed occupationally outdoor workers. This study provides an initial contribution for the assessment of city air pollution, esp. the health effect of heavy metal (Pb) pollution on traffic policemen.

Keywords

Inhalable particles (PM10Heavy metals Air pollution Traffic policemen Health effects Automobile exhaust 

Notes

Funding information

This study was supported by Jiangxi provincial health bureau of People’s Republic of China grant no.: 20122018, and Nanchang City Scientific Technology Bureau of People’s Republic of China grant no.: 2014-CXYHZ-ZYHJ-001 (area distribution characteristics of PM2.5 pollution and its related influencing factors analysis and the prevention and control measures in Nanchang City), and Jiangxi province industrial safety engineering technology research center of People’s Republic of China grant no.: 2013 GGY003, and Jiangxi provincial scientific technology bureau of People’s Republic China grant no: 20151BBE50047, 20161ACG70011.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environmental and Resource Utilization, Ministry of Education, School of Resources Environmental and Chemical EngineeringNanchang UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of the Causes and Control of Atmospheric Pollution, State Key Laboratory for Nuclear Resources and Environment, School of Water Resources and Environmental EngineeringEast China University of TechnologyNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Clinical LaboratoryJiangxi Province People’s HospitalNanchangChina

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