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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 18, pp 18071–18083 | Cite as

Potential application of oil-suspended particulate matter aggregates (OSA) on the remediation of reflective beaches impacted by petroleum: a mesocosm simulation

  • Carine S. SilvaEmail author
  • Olivia M. C. de Oliveira
  • Icaro T. A. Moreira
  • Antonio F. S. Queiroz
  • Marcos de Almeida
  • Jessica V. L. Silva
  • Igor Oliveira da Silva Andrade
DECAPAGE Project: Hydrocarbon degradation in coastal sediments*

Abstract

This paper presents the oil-suspended particulate matter aggregate (OSA) resulted from the interaction of droplets of dispersed oil in a water column and particulate matter. This structure reduces the adhesion of oil on solid surfaces, promotes dispersion, and may accelerate degradation processes. The effects of the addition of fine sediments (clay + silt) on the formation of OSA, their impact on the dispersion and degradation of the oil, and their potential use in recovering reflective sandy beaches were evaluated in a mesoscale simulation model. Two simulations were performed (21 days), in the absence and presence of fine sediments, with four units in each simulation using oil from the Recôncavo Basin. The results showed that the use of fine sediment increased the dispersion of the oil in the water column up to four times in relation to the sandy sediment. There was no evidence of the transport of hydrocarbons in bottom sediments associated with fine sediments that would have accelerated the dispersion and degradation rates of the oil. Most of the OSA that formed in this process remained in the water column, where the degradation processes were more effective. Over the 21 days of simulation, we observed a 40 % reduction on average of the levels of saturated hydrocarbons staining the surface oil.

Keywords

Aggregate oil Suspended particulate matter OSA Total petroleum hydrocarbons TPH Sediment Beach cleaning Spill remediation 

Abbreviations

SPM

Suspended particulate matter

OSA

Oil-suspended particulate matter aggregates

TPHs

Total petroleum hydrocarbons

TOC

Total organic carbon

LEPETRO

Laboratory for the Study of Petroleum

GC-FID

Gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector

OM

Organic matter

PCA

Principal component analysis

HCA

Hierarchical cluster analysis

Pr

Pristane

Ph

Phytane

CAPES

Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was performed with financial support from the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) and Queiroz Galvão Exploração e Produção S.A.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carine S. Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Olivia M. C. de Oliveira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Icaro T. A. Moreira
    • 1
  • Antonio F. S. Queiroz
    • 1
  • Marcos de Almeida
    • 1
  • Jessica V. L. Silva
    • 1
  • Igor Oliveira da Silva Andrade
    • 1
  1. 1.Núcleo de Estudos Ambientais, Instituto de GeociênciasUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Geociências, Departamento de GeofísicaUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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