Advertisement

Experimental Investigation on Lateral Impact Response of Concrete-Filled Double-Skin Tube Columns Using Horizontal-Impact-Testing System

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental investigation on the lateral impact performance of axially loaded concrete-filled double-skin tube (CFDST) columns. These columns have desirable structural and constructional properties and have been used as columns in building, legs of off shore platforms and as bridge piers. Since they could be vulnerable to impact from passing vessels or vehicles, it is necessary to understand their behaviour under lateral impact loads. With this in mind, an experimental method employing an innovative instrumented horizontal impact testing system (HITS) was developed to apply lateral impact loads whilst the column maintained a static axial pre-loading to examine the failure mechanism and key response parameters of the column. These included the time histories of impact force, reaction forces, global lateral deflection and permanent local buckling profile. Eight full scale columns were tested for key parameters including the axial load level and impact location. Based on the test data, the failure mode, peak impact force, impact duration, peak reaction forces, reaction force duration, column maximum and residual global deflections and column local buckling length, depth and width under varying conditions are analysed and discussed. It is evident that the innovative HITS can successfully test structural columns under the combination of axial pre-loading and impact loading. The findings on the lateral impact response of the CFDST columns can serve as a benchmark reference for their future analysis and design.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20
Fig. 21
Fig. 22
Fig. 23
Fig. 24
Fig. 25
Fig. 26
Fig. 27
Fig. 28
Fig. 29

References

  1. 1.

    Wei S, Mau ST, Vipulanandan C, Mantrala SK (1995) Performance of new sandwich tube under axial loading. J Struct Eng 121(12):1814–1821

  2. 2.

    Yagishita F, Kitoh H, Sugimoto M et al. (2000) Double skin composite tubular columns subjected to cyclic horizontal force and constant axial force. Composite Hybrid Struct:497–503

  3. 3.

    Li W, Han LH, Zhao XL et al. (2012) Axial strength of concrete-filled double skin steel tubular (CFDST) columns with preload on steel tubes. Thin-Walled Struct 56 (9)

  4. 4.

    Corbett G, Reid S, Al-Hassani S (1990) Resistance of steel-concrete sandwich tubes to penetration. Int J Impact Eng 9(2):191–203

  5. 5.

    Li XH, Lei JP, Wang R (2013) Finite element analysis of concrete-filled double skin steel tubes with simply supported under lateral impact. Appl Mech Mater 405:1106–1109

  6. 6.

    Wang Y, Qian X, Liew JR, Zhang M-H (2014) Experimental behavior of cement filled pipe-in-pipe composite structures under transverse impact. Int J Impact Eng 72:1–16

  7. 7.

    Johnson GR (2001) Experimental and numerical investigation into impact bending collapse of rectangular hollow sections. University of Technology, Sydney

  8. 8.

    Crupi V, Montanini R (2007) Aluminium foam sandwiches collapse modes under static and dynamic three-point bending. Int J Impact Eng 34(3):509–521

  9. 9.

    Hanssen A, Enstock L, Langseth M (2002) Close-range blast loading of aluminium foam panels. Int J Impact Eng 27(6):593–618

  10. 10.

    Banthia N, Mindess S, Bentur A (1987) Impact behaviour of concrete beams. Mater Struct 20(4):293–302

  11. 11.

    Banthia N, Mindess S, Bentur A, Pigeon M (1989) Impact testing of concrete using a drop-weight impact machine. Exp Mech 29(1):63–69

  12. 12.

    Zhang X, Ruiz G, Yu RC (2010) A new drop‐weight impact machine for studying fracture processes in structural concrete. Strain 46(3):252–257

  13. 13.

    Zhang X, Ruiz G, Yu RC (2008) Experimental study of combined size and strain rate effects on the fracture of reinforced concrete. J Mater Civ Eng 20(8):544–551

  14. 14.

    Liew JR, Sohel K, Koh C (2009) Impact tests on steel–concrete–steel sandwich beams with lightweight concrete core. Eng Struct 31(9):2045–2059

  15. 15.

    Kishi N, Mikami H, Matsuoka K, Ando T (2002) Impact behavior of shear-failure-type RC beams without shear rebar. Int J Impact Eng 27(9):955–968

  16. 16.

    May IM, Chen Y, Owen DRJ, Feng Y, Thiele PJ (2006) Reinforced concrete beams under drop-weight impact loads. Comput Concr 3((2_3)):79–90

  17. 17.

    Hobbs B, Gilbert M, Molyneaux T et al. (1998) Effects of vehicle impact loading on masonry arch parapets. In: Arch bridges: history, analysis, assessment, maintenance and repair. Proc Second Int Arch Bridge Conf

  18. 18.

    Zeinoddini M, Parke G, Harding J (2002) Axially pre-loaded steel tubes subjected to lateral impacts: an experimental study. Int J Impact Eng 27(6):669–690

  19. 19.

    Allan J, Marshall J (1992) The effect of ship impact on the load carrying capacity of steel tubes. HM Stationery Office

  20. 20.

    Yousuf M, Uy B, Tao Z, Remennikov A, Liew JR (2014) Impact behaviour of pre-compressed hollow and concrete filled mild and stainless steel columns. J Constr Steel Res 96:54–68

  21. 21.

    AS1391 (2007) Metallic materials–tensile testing at ambient temperature. Standards Australia, North Sydney

  22. 22.

    AS1012.9 (1999) Methods of testing concrete-determination of the compressive strength of concrete specimens. Standards Australia, North Sydney

  23. 23.

    Han LH, Hou CC, Zhao XL, Rasmussen KJR (2014) Behaviour of high-strength concrete filled steel tubes under transverse impact loading. J Constr Steel Res 92:25–39

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Mr. Anthony Morris and Mr. Mark Hayne for their continuous support in the experimental work. They also like to thank One Steel Mill Tube (Australia), HY-TEC concrete and Sika (Australia) for supporting this research by supplying the steel tubes, concrete and adhesive mortar, respectively.

Author information

Correspondence to S. Aghdamy.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

(AVI 2849 kb)

ESM 1

(AVI 2849 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Aghdamy, S., Thambiratnam, D.P. & Dhanasekar, M. Experimental Investigation on Lateral Impact Response of Concrete-Filled Double-Skin Tube Columns Using Horizontal-Impact-Testing System. Exp Mech 56, 1133–1153 (2016) doi:10.1007/s11340-016-0156-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Experimental testing
  • Lateral impact
  • Concrete-filled double-skin tube (CFDST)
  • Horizontal impact testing system
  • Axial pre-loading