Greater postexercise hypotension response in low-load and high-volume resistance training versus high-load and low-volume resistance training

  • Raphael Malheiros
  • Igor NasserEmail author
  • Jeffrey M. Willardson
  • Humberto Miranda
Original Article



The post-exercise hypotension response (PEH) has been shown to be dependent on the load and volume of a resistance training (RT) prescription.


The aim of the present study was to compare the PEH between a low-load and high-volume and a high-load and low-volume RT session.


Ten young men with more than 2 years of RT experience participated in the study. All subjects were submitted to 5 and 15 repetition maximum tests, in counterbalanced order, for the following exercises: back squat, chest press, leg press and wide grip pulldown. Then, the subjects performed two protocols (P5 and P15) that consisted of three sets to volitional failure with 2-min rest intervals between sets and exercises. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were measured before and after 60 min following each session at 10-min time points.


Significantly greater total training volume was observed for all exercises in P15 (p < 0.05), whereas a significantly greater load was observed in P5 (p < 0.05). It was observed that the P15 session stimulated a greater PEH, with small to large effect sizes at various time points post-exercise, while the effect sizes for the P5 session were trivial in magnitude. Additionally, a significantly greater HR response was observed for the P15 versus the P5 during the recovery period.


Low-load and high-volume RT stimulated greater PEH compared to high-load and low-volume RT, suggesting the importance of RT volume in promoting healthy BP.


Post-exercise hypotension Blood pressure Cardiovascular Total training volume Training load 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of the present study declare that they have no potential conflict interest to disclose.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (CAAE: 51654515.1.0000.5257) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

All subjects of the study signed an informed consent prior to investigation with all experimental procedures.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.School of Physical Education and SportsFederal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.LADTEF, Performance, Training and Physical Exercise LaboratoryFederal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Health and Human Performance DepartmentMontana State University BillingsBillingsUSA

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