Effects of a four-exercise resistance training protocol on functional parameters in sedentary elderly women

  • Bruno Bavaresco GambassiEmail author
  • Clarcson Plácido Conceição dos Santos
  • Ciro Queiroz
  • Fabrício Mesquita
  • Patricia Rakel Santos
  • Ana Eugênia Araújo Furtado Almeida
  • Paulo Adriano Schwingel
  • Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida
Original Article



Aging is related to negative changes in muscle strength and consequent impairment in daily activities. A number of studies have demonstrated that resistance training (RT) is promising for disease prevention and rehabilitation in this population.


The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of a four-exercise RT protocol on the functional parameters of sedentary elderly women.


The study sample consisted of 29 elderly women (aged 68.4 ± 5.2 years). Before and after 10 weeks of RT, the following evaluations were performed: 10-m walking, standing up from the sitting position five times, standing up from the sitting position for 30 s, standing up from the ventral decubitus position, standing up from a chair and walking inside the house, and dressing and undress a t-shirt. RT was performed for 10 weeks (2 times per week with a rest interval of 48 h between each session). The protocol consisted of performing leg press at 45°, seated row, leg curl and bench press alternated by segment, performed with a 2-min rest interval between sets and exercises.


Significant improvements were found for the following tests: 10-m walking (6.5 ± 1.2 vs. 5.8 ± 1.1 s; p = 0.001), standing up from the sitting position (8.6 ± 2.3 vs. 6.9 ± 1.4 s; p = 0.001), 30-s chair-stand (19.5 ± 5.0 vs. 23.8 ± 5.3 repetitions; p = 0.001), dressing and undressing a t-shirt (9.7 ± 1.8 vs. 9.0 ± 1.9 s; p = 0.025), standing up from the ventral decubitus position (3.6 ± 1.0 vs. 3.3 ± 0.9 s; p = 0.003) of elderly.


The four-exercise RT protocol was effective in improving functional parameters in the present study sample.


Aging Activities of daily living Physical function Health Exercise 



The authors are grateful to the volunteers who participated in this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Clarcson Plácido Conceição dos Santos
    • 2
  • Ciro Queiroz
    • 2
  • Fabrício Mesquita
    • 3
  • Patricia Rakel Santos
    • 1
  • Ana Eugênia Araújo Furtado Almeida
    • 4
  • Paulo Adriano Schwingel
    • 5
  • Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Departamento de Educação FísicaUniversidade CeumaSão LuísBrazil
  2. 2.Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisa em Saúde e Performance Humana (GESPH), Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública (EBMSP)SalvadorBrazil
  3. 3.Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (HU-UNIVASF)PetrolinaBrazil
  4. 4.Universidade Federal do MaranhãoSão LuísBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratório de Pesquisas em Desempenho Humano (LAPEDH)Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE)PetrolinaBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Educação FísicaUniversidade Estadual do MaranhãoSão LuísBrazil

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