Advertisement

Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 469–475 | Cite as

Changes in mood states of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes during training and competition

  • Alexandro AndradeEmail author
  • Rodrigo Batalha Silva
  • Miguel Alencar Flores Junior
  • Carlos Branco Rosa
  • Fábio Hech Dominski
Original Article

Abstract

Background

The literature demonstrates the influence of psychological aspects on sport performance of athletes. Mood can vary in intensity and duration and involves six factors: tension, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion, and vigor.

Aim

This study aimed to verify changes in mood states of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes during training and competition.

Methods

Fourteen Brazilian male jiu-jitsu athletes that competed in state-level competition [adults with mean age of 29.07 (± 5.12) years] participated of the study. Two questionnaires were used. The first characterized the athletes, and the second was the Brunel Mood Scale. Mood was evaluated at four points: two-point pre-competition (1 and 2 weeks before competition), post-weighing, and post-competition.

Results

Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes presented high vigor, moderate levels of tension, and low levels of depression, anger, fatigue, and mental confusion at these four points. In the competitive period, low levels of depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion and high vigor were observed in the pre-competition period. In the post-competition period, there was an increase in levels of depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion and decreased vigor. Regarding the training and competition periods, there was a significant difference in mood states in tension (p < 0.05), fatigue (p < 0.05), and mental confusion (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes presented, on average in the four different periods, high vigor associated with low levels of depression, anger, fatigue, and mental confusion and a moderate level of tension. This mood profile is similar to the Iceberg Profile. It states that competition is a place and moment that exerts influence on the mood states of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes.

Keywords

Martial arts Exercise Psychology Sport psychology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Research Innovation Support Foundation of the State of Santa Catarina (FAPESC) under Grant [PAP 01/2016]. This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the authors.

Ethical approval

Ethical approval was obtained from Santa Catarina State University (Approval number 44/2011).

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Kenttä G, Hassmén P, Raglin JS (2006) Mood state monitoring of training and recovery in elite kayakers. Eur J Sport Sci 6(4):245–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rohlfs ICPM, Rotta TM, Luft CD, Andrade A, Krebs RJ, Carvalho T (2008) A Escala de Humor de Brunel (Brums): instrumento para detecção precoce da síndrome do excesso de treinamento. Rev Bras Med do Esporte 14(3):176–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morgan W (1980) Test of champions the Iceberg profile. Psychol Today 39:92–108Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rohlfs ICPM, Carvalho T, Rotta TM, Krebs RJ (2004) Aplicação de instrumentos de avaliação de estados de humor na detecção da síndrome do excesso de treinamento. Rev Bras Med do Esporte 10(2):176–181Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Werneck FZ, Bara Filho MG, Ribeiro LCS (2006) Efeitos do exercício físico sobre os estados de humor: uma revisão. Rev Bras Psicol do Esporte e do Exerc 1:22–54Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Salselas V, Márquez S (2009) Perceptions of the motivational climate created by parents of young Portuguese swimmers. Percept Mot Skills 108(3):851–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Suárez-Cadenas E, Sretković T, Perales JC, Petrović J, Sterkowicz-Przybycień K, Batez M et al (2017) Mental toughness and perfectionism in judo: differences by achievement and age. The relation between constructs. Arch Budo 12:267–274Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zurita-Ortega F, Muros-Molina JJ, Rodríguez-Fernández S, Zafra-Santos EO, Knox E, Castro-Sánchez M (2017) Associations of motivation, self-concept and resilience with the competitive level of Chilean judokas. Arch Budo 12:201–209Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Casanova N, Palmeira-DE-Oliveira A, Pereira A, Crisostomo L, Travassos B, Costa AM (2016) Cortisol, testosterone and mood state variation during an official female football competition. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 56(6):775–781Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Di Corrado D, Agostini T, Bonifazi M, Perciavalle V (2014) Changes in mood states and salivary cortisol levels following 2 months of training in elite female water polo players. Mol Med Rep 9(6):2441–2446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zajenkowski M, Jankowski KS, Kołata D (2015) Let’s dance–feel better! Mood changes following dancing in different situations. Eur J Sport Sci 15(7):640–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Box A, Feito Y, Petruzzello S, Mangine G (2018) Mood state changes accompanying the Crossfit Open™ competition in healthy adults. Sports 6(3):67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marttinen RHJ, Judelson DA, Wiersma LD, Coburn JW (2011) Effects of self-selected mass loss on performance and mood in collegiate wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res 25(4):1010–1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Costa DDO, Oliveira LDS, Sena EAD, Lima FFD, Silva AS (2018) Pre-competition physical, physiological and psychosocial states of taekwondo athletes. J Phys Educ 29:1–11Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Belem I, da Costa LCA, Both J, Passos PCB, Vieira JLL, Belem I et al (2016) O estresse no MMA: as estratégias de enfrentamento podem melhorar o desempenho dos lutadores? Rev Bras Med do Esporte. Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte 22(4):287–290Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brandt R, Viana MS, Crocetta TB, Andrade A (2016) Association between mood states and performance of Brazilian elite sailors: winners vs. non-winners. Cult Cienc Deport 11(32):119–125Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Correia WR, Franchini E (2010) Produção acadêmica em lutas, artes marciais e esportes de combate. Motriz Rev Educ Fis 16(1):1–9Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Andrade A, Bevilacqua GG, Coimbra DR, Pereira FS, Brandt R (2016) Sleep quality, mood and performance: a study of elite Brazilian volleyball athletes. J Sport Sci Med 15(4):601–605Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brandt R, Herrero D, Massetti T, Crocetta TB, Guarnieri R, Monteiro CBM et al (2016) The brunel mood scale rating in mental health for physically active and apparently healthy populations. Health 8(2):125–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vieira LF, Fernandes SL, Vieira JLL, Vissoci JRN (2008) Estado de humor e desempenho motor: um estudo com atletas de voleibol de alto rendimento. Rev Bras Cineantropometria Desempenho Hum 10(1):62–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Deschamps SR, Rose D (2008) Treinamento psicológico e sua influência nos estados de humor e desempenho técnico de atletas de basquetebol. Rev Iberoam Psicol del Ejercicio y el Deporte 3(2):169–182Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Terry PC, Lane AM, Fogarty GJ (2003) Construct validity of the profile of mood states—adolescents for use with adults. Psychol Sport Exerc 4(2):125–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    McNair D, Lorr M, Droppleman L (1971) EDITS manual for the profile of mood states. Educational and Industrial Testing Service, San Diego, p 40Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Peset-Mancebo F, Ferrer-Sapena A, Villamón-Herrera M, Millán-González L, Toca-Herrera JL, Aleixandre-Benavent R (2013) Scientific literature analysis of judo in web of science. Arch Budo 9(2):81–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Andreato LV, Marta S, De Moraes F, Victor J, Conti D, Miranda ML et al (2014) Psychological, physiological, performance and perceptive responses To Brazilian jiu-jitsu combats. Kinesiology 46(1):44–52Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dauty M, Nocet S, Tortellier L, Potiron-Josse M, Gouin F, Dubois C (2006) Comparaison de la force isocinétique des rotateurs de l’épaule chez les sportifs de haut niveau pratiquant la voile et les sujets témoins appariés. Sci Sport 21(3):154–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rohlfs ICPM, Carvalho T, Rotta TM, Krebs RJ (2004) Aplicação de instrumentos de avaliação de estados de humor na detecção da síndrome do excesso de treinamento. Rev Bras Med do Esporte 10(2):176–181Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Franchini E, Del Vecchio FB, Matsushigue KA, Artioli GG (2011) Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes. Sport Med 41(2):147–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Karninčić H, Baić M, Slačanac K (2016) Mood aspects of rapid weight loss in adolescent wrestlers. Kinesiology 48(2):229–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Brandt R, Hobold E, Viana M, Dominski FH, Bevilacqua GG, Turczyn B (2015) Humor Pré-Competitivo Em Atletas Brasileiros De Jiu Jitsu. Cad Educ Física e Esporte 13(1):21–30Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ruiz MC, Hanin Y (2011) Perceived impact of anger on performance of skilled karate athletes. Psychol Sport Exercise 12(3):242–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Brandt R, Viana MS, Segato L, Andrade A (2010) Estados de humor de velejadores durante o Pré-Panamericano. Motriz 16(4):834–840Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wong RS, Thung JS, Pieter W (2006) Mood and performance in young Malaysian karateka. J Sports Sci Med 5(CSSI):54Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Health and Sport ScienceSanta Catarina State University-UDESCFlorianópolisBrazil

Personalised recommendations