Personality traits and athletic young adults
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Doing regular physical activity offers many positive physiological and psychological advantages. According to the literature there exist some correlations between personality traits and physical activity, which are related to gender diversity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, self-efficacy, body image and psycho-physical well-being, in 145 athletically active young adults (65 males and 80 females).
The participants completed the following: Big Five Questionnaire Short-version, Self-efficacy scale, Silhouette Figure Body Images, Body Mass Index, and digit ratio.
Positive correlations were found between openness to experience and conscientiousness (p < 0.05) in both males and females. Real image values and ideal image values were significantly related among them (p < 0.001).
In conclusion, we can affirm that personality traits can influence the idea of body image so much that it can go beyond the objective reality of self-image.
KeywordsPersonality Optimistic self-beliefs Body dimension Aggressiveness Sport
The authors wish to thank the Virgin Active gym in Catania, and Mario Maniace, Donato Ezio, Chiara Minissale, D’Orto Gianluca, and Tiziana Maci for their availability. We also thank the Scientific Bureau of the University of Catania for language support.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.
The study obtained ethical permission from the University Internal Review Board for psychological research at the University “KORE” of Enna.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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