Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 435–441 | Cite as

Personality traits and athletic young adults

  • Marinella CocoEmail author
  • Claudia Savia Guerrera
  • Donatella Di Corrado
  • Tiziana Ramaci
  • Tiziana Maci
  • Monica Pellerone
  • Giuseppe Santisi
  • Chiara Minissale
  • Santo Di Nuovo
  • Valentina Perciavalle
  • Andrea Buscemi
Original Article



Doing regular physical activity offers many positive physiological and psychological advantages. According to the literature there exist some correlations between personality traits and physical activity, which are related to gender diversity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, self-efficacy, body image and psycho-physical well-being, in 145 athletically active young adults (65 males and 80 females).


The participants completed the following: Big Five Questionnaire Short-version, Self-efficacy scale, Silhouette Figure Body Images, Body Mass Index, and digit ratio.


Positive correlations were found between openness to experience and conscientiousness (p < 0.05) in both males and females. Real image values and ideal image values were significantly related among them (p < 0.001).


In conclusion, we can affirm that personality traits can influence the idea of body image so much that it can go beyond the objective reality of self-image.


Personality Optimistic self-beliefs Body dimension Aggressiveness Sport 



The authors wish to thank the Virgin Active gym in Catania, and Mario Maniace, Donato Ezio, Chiara Minissale, D’Orto Gianluca, and Tiziana Maci for their availability. We also thank the Scientific Bureau of the University of Catania for language support.



Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

Ethical approval

The study obtained ethical permission from the University Internal Review Board for psychological research at the University “KORE” of Enna.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marinella Coco
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claudia Savia Guerrera
    • 2
  • Donatella Di Corrado
    • 3
  • Tiziana Ramaci
    • 3
  • Tiziana Maci
    • 4
  • Monica Pellerone
    • 3
  • Giuseppe Santisi
    • 2
  • Chiara Minissale
    • 2
  • Santo Di Nuovo
    • 2
  • Valentina Perciavalle
    • 2
  • Andrea Buscemi
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Human and Social Sciences, School of Sport SciencesKore UniversityEnnaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Mental Health of ASP 3 in CataniaAlzheimer Center PsychogeriatryCataniaItaly
  5. 5.Department of ResearchHorus Social CooperativeRagusaItaly
  6. 6.Department of ResearchItalian Center Studies of OsteopathyCataniaItaly

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