Can mat Pilates intervention increase lower limb rate of force development in overweight physically active older women?
This study investigated the effect of 12 weeks of mat Pilates intervention (60 min sessions, three times per week) on lower limb rate of force development (RFD) parameters (absolute and relative values and contractile impulse) in physically active and overweight elderly women.
Fourteen elderly women (age 62 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Workouts were performed in three sets; repetitions increased every 4 weeks, and exercise difficulty increased from beginner to intermediate and advanced levels. Knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RTD parameters were measured at different time intervals (0–30, 0–50, 0–100, 0–150, 0–200, and 0–250 ms) before (weeks − 4 and 0, control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of mat Pilates intervention.
No statistical difference (p > 0.05) was observed between weeks − 4 and 0 (control period). However, significant increments were observed after week 12 for most time intervals for absolute and relative knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RFD, as well as for contractile impulse for the same muscle groups.
We conclude that the mat Pilates causes significant increments in knee extensor and hip extensor–flexor RFD and contractile impulse using an incremental structure of training in physically active elderly women.
KeywordsAging Physical activity Rapid force Muscle contraction
The authors wish to thank the study participants, CAPES for the scholarship for JB, and CNPq for the fellowship for FD and MAV.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors of this manuscript declare no conflict of interest.
The local Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study (Protocol No. 44972915.9.0000.0110), procedures were conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the participants signed an informed consent form.
- 13.Barboza BHV, Gurjão ALD, Jambassi Filho JC et al (2008) Age-related decline on rate of force development and the effect of resistance training in older women. Acta Fisiátrica 16:4–9Google Scholar
- 14.Moura BM de, Sakugawa RL, Orssatto LBR da et al (2017) Functional capacity improves in-line with neuromuscular performance after 12 weeks of non-linear periodization strength training in the elderly. Aging Clin Exp Res 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-017-0873-x
- 19.Oliveira LC, Oliveira RG, Pires-Oliveira DAA (2016) Comparison between static stretching and the Pilates method on the flexibility of older women. J Bodyw Mov Ther 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.01.008
- 21.Oliveira LC, Pires-Oliveira DAA, Abucarub AC, Oliveira RG De et al (2017) Pilates increases isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexor and extensor muscles of older women: a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther 21:2–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.03.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 23.Kloubec J (2011) Pilates: how does it work and who needs it? Muscles Ligament Tendons J 1:61–66Google Scholar
- 27.Dvir Z (2002) Isokinetic of the hip muscles. In: Isokinetics: muscle testing, interpretation, and clinical applications, pp 91–100Google Scholar
- 35.Häkkinen K, Kallinen M, Izquierdo M et al (1998) Changes in agonist-antagonist EMG, muscle CSA, and force during strength training in middle-aged and older people Changes in agonist-antagonist EMG, muscle CSA, and force during strength training in middle-aged and older people. J Appl Physiol 84:1341–1349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 39.Cohen J (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2nd edn. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 45.Reinders I, Murphy RA, Koster A et al (2015) Muscle quality and muscle fat infiltration in relation to incident mobility disability and gait speed decline: the age, gene/environment susceptibility-Reykjavik study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 70:1030–1036. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glv016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar