Effect of listening to music on repeated-sprint performance and affective load in young male and female soccer players
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The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of listening to music during warming-up on repeated-sprint performance and affective load in young male and female soccer players.
33 Tunisian highly trained soccer players [19 men (age: 17 ± 0.3 years, BMI: 21.9 ± 1.4 kg m− 2) and 14 women (age: 17 ± 0.2 years, BMI: 21.3 ± 3.5 kg m− 2)] took part in two experimental sessions with or without listening to music during warming-up. High-tempo music (> 130–140 bpm) was chosen. The players then performed a repeated-sprint test (six 40-m sprints with 180° direction change interspersed with a 20-s passive recovery period). Best and mean sprint times, performance decrement, as well as affective load scores were measured.
The analysis of variance for repeated measures revealed a significant improvement in best and mean time only in females (P < 0.05). Moreover, no significant effect of music was observed on performance decrement and affective load in both males and females (all P > 0.05).
Female academy soccer players seemed to derive the greatest benefit from motivational music during repeated-sprint exercise compared to their male counterparts.
KeywordsPerformance Motivation Sex
The authors would like to thank all the participants of this research for their valuable time and contribution. Many thanks are due to Dr. Davide Malatesta (University of Lausanne) for his critical and helpful discussion during the preparation of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Institutional Review Board and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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