Translation, adaptation, and reproducibility of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) and Feeling Scale to Brazilian Portuguese
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The goal of the present study was to translate and adapt the scale of enjoyment “Physical activity enjoyment scale” (PACES) and affect “Feeling scale” (FS) into Brazilian Portuguese, as well as to evaluate their reproducibility.
First, the instruments were translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese following the recommendations of previous studies. After translating the instruments, 75 subjects participated in two similar experimental sessions (test–re-test) in which they filled the scales. Intraclass correlation coefficient analyses were conducted to evaluate the reproducibility of the scales.
The results suggested that the translation was effective, the PACES presented almost perfect reproducibility (CCI = 0.910, 95% CI 0.858, 0.943) and FS high reproducibility (CCI = 0.644, 95% CI 0.425, 0.779).
Translation and cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese of the PACES and FS were effective to measure enjoyment and affect in response to an acute session of physical exercise. The data suggested that in a range of 7–14 days the PACES is reproducible. However, for FS, acquisition of baseline values may increase its reproducibility.
KeywordsPleasure Physical exercise Affect Motivation
Elaine Alves was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq 133949/2017-6), Valeria Panissa was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP 2015/11302-3 and 2017/07304-6), Emerson Franchini was supported by FAPESP (2017/08167-2), and CNPq (302242/2014-7) and Monica Takito was supported by FAPESP (2017/19280-4).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest relating to the publication of this manuscript.
All procedures were approved by institutional ethic review of the School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil (CAAE: 64507416.2.0000.5391) and was performed according to the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki amendment in 2013.
All participants agreed to participate after reading the informed consent form with their written consent.
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