Assessment of the perception of physical competence in Brazilian adolescents of different nutritional status
- 53 Downloads
Considering the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obese adolescents, this study aimed to analyze the perception of physical competence in Brazilian adolescents of different nutritional status.
A population-based cross-sectional study was performed and included 2.757 (15 ± 4 years-old) adolescent students (1.302 boys, 1.455 girls) from south of Brazil. Strength, flexibility, and aerobic endurance questions were used to evaluate the perception of physical competence. To evaluate nutritional status, body mass index (BMI) was used.
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents was 21.2%, with 25.4% for boys and 17.5% for girls. Girls with lower perception of aerobic endurance were more likely to be overweight/obese. Boys with a poor perception of flexibility were about 10 times more likely to be overweight/obese. Adolescents with a weak and moderate perception of strength were less likely to be overweight/obese.
We concluded that perception of physical competence differs depending on the nutritional status of adolescents. Lower perceptions of aerobic endurance and flexibility favor the development of overweight and obese adolescents. However, greater perception of strength competence mostly appears in overweight/obese adolescents.
KeywordsNutritional status Adolescent Muscle strength Physical endurance Physical competence
This study was supported by the Higher Education Personnel Improvement Coordination (CAPES), Public notice (no. 03/2015), through masters scholarship and the authors thank FAPESC (Research and Innovation Support Foundation of the State of Santa Catarina) for financial support through research (Project no. 2287/PAP 04/2014).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
Ethical approval was obtained from Santa Catarina State University (approval number 502.531).
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 12.Vieira LF, Pinheiro RM, Lopes Vieira JL (2008) Psychosocial implications of the infantile obesity into the motor behaviour of scholars. J Phys Educ/UEM 16(1):27–35Google Scholar
- 13.Marramarco CA, Krebs RJ, Valentini NC, Ramalho MHDS, Santos JOLD, Nobre GC (2012) Children with previous poor nutrition, overweigh and obesity demonstrated poor motor performance. J Phys Educ/UEM 23(2):175–182Google Scholar
- 16.Faria L (2005) Desenvolvimento do auto-conceito físico nas crianças e nos adolescentes. Análise Psicológica 4(23):361–371Google Scholar
- 19.Minatto G, Nascimento TBR, Ribeiro RR, Santos KD, Petroski EL (2014) Does socioeconomic status mediate the association between adiposity and musculoskeletal fitness in boys? Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 16(1):116–128Google Scholar
- 22.Luiz RR, Magnanini MM (2000) The logic of sample size determination in epidemiological research. Cad saúde colet 8(2):9–28Google Scholar
- 23.Matias TS, Rolim MKSB, Kretzer FL, Schmoelz CP, Andrade A (2010) Corporal satisfaction associated with physical activity practice during adolescence. Motriz rev educ fís 16(2):370–378Google Scholar
- 25.BRAZIL (2014) Brazilian criteria and social class distribution. Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa (ABEP), São PauloGoogle Scholar
- 28.Mello J, Castagna A, Bergmann M, Bergmann G (2014) Association between physical activity level and overweight in adolescents: a cross-sectional school-based study. Braz J Phys Activity Health 19(1):25Google Scholar
- 35.Silva DAS, Nascimento TBR, Silva AFD, Glaner MF (2013) High body fat among adolescents: association with sociodemographics and physical fitness factors. Motriz: Rev Educ Fis 19(1):114–125Google Scholar
- 38.Raphaelli CdO, Azevedo MR, Hallal PC (2011) Association between health risk behaviors in parents and adolescents in a rural area in southern Brazil. Rep Public Health 27(12):2429–2440Google Scholar
- 39.Ravagnani CDFC, Pereira AF, Ravagnani FCDP, Michelin E, Corrente JE, Burini RC (2010) Impact of lifestyle change intervention program on physical fitness, obesity and food intake indicators in adults. Braz J Phys Activity Health 15(1):21–27Google Scholar
- 44.Matias TS, Rolim MKSB, Kretzer FL, Schmoelz CP, Vasconcelos DIC, Andrade A (2009) Lifestyle, level of physical activity and self-efficacy perception of adolescents. J Phys Educ/UEM 20(2):235–243Google Scholar
- 47.Lopes W, Leite N, Silva L, Moraes F, Consentino C, Araújo C, Cavaglieri C (2013) Influence of obesity on the upper and lower body muscular strength in adolescents. Braz J Phys Activity Health 18(6):720Google Scholar