Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 109–114 | Cite as

Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit is influenced by chronological age and is related to intensity of VO2PEAK

  • Vitor Luiz de Andrade
  • Carlos Augusto Kalva-Filho
  • Eduardo Zapaterra Campos
  • Marcelo PapotiEmail author
Original Article



This study aimed to verify the influence of chronological age on maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) and the correlations with maximal oxygen uptake (VO2PEAK) and intensity (vVO2PEAK).


Thirty-one male athletes underwent an incremental exercise test involving 10 submaximal efforts (50–95% of velocity corresponding to VO2PEAK [vVO2PEAK]) and one supramaximal effort at 110% of vVO2PEAK to determine MAOD. We analyzed a combined group (n = 31) and two groups according to age (G1 = 15.5 ± 0.5; G2 = 36.0 ± 7.9 years).


The values of absolute VO2PEAK (4.3 ± 0.4 L·min−1) and vVO2PEAK (15.9 ± 1.7 km·h−1) were higher in G2 than those in G1 (3.5 ± 0.3 L·min−1; 14.6 ± 0.9 km·h−1). Individuals in G1 had absolute and relative values of MAOD (2.4 ± 0.7 L; 35.1 ± 11.1 mL·kg−1) lower than those in G2 (3.9 ± 0.9 L; 46.8 ± 10.9 mL·kg−1). Correlations between MAOD and performance during the experimental protocol were tested; VO2PEAK and vVO2PEAK yielded correlations with performance (n = 31; r = 0.56; r = 0.60). Moreover, when corrected for chronological age, we detected correlations between absolute and relative values of MAOD and VO2PEAK (r = 0.42; r = 0.61) and vVO2PEAK (r = 0.43; r = 0.56).


The MAOD is influenced by chronological age and is related to VO2PEAK and vVO2PEAK independent of age.


MAOD Age Anaerobic Capacity Fitness Performance Sports 



We greatly appreciate the collaboration of all students and teachers involved in the project. In particular, we would like to thank Nayan Xavier Ribeiro (in memoriam).


We would like to thank the Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo for their financial support (10/08761-2 and 13/15322-3).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures were approved by the University’s Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects (Human Research Ethics Committee - 78855516.9.0000.5659) and were conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki. Avaliable in

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Education Department, Bioscience InstituteSão Paulo State University “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”Rio ClaroBrazil
  2. 2.Physiotherapy DepartmentPostgraduate Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo (USP)Ribeirão PretoBrazil
  3. 3.Physical Education DepartmentFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  4. 4.University of São Paulo, School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão PretoRibeirão PrêtoBrazil

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