Prevalence of poor sleep quality in the Ethiopian population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Md Dilshad Manzar
  • Bayu Begashaw Bekele
  • Majumi M. NoohuEmail author
  • Mohammed Salahuddin
  • Abdulrhman Albougami
  • David Warren Spence
  • Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal
  • Ahmed S Bahammam
Epidemiology • Review



Only a limited amount of data is available from lower-income countries regarding the prevalence of poor quality of sleep. This meta-analysis of the scientific literature was performed to estimate the pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality in the Ethiopian population.


The study protocol followed was the Preferred Reporting of Items for Systematic Review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement.


The nine studies which met the inclusion criteria provided data based on a total of 9103 participants who were studied at various health and academic institutions. The incidences of self-reported poor sleep quality ranged from 26 to 66.2%. The pooled estimate of poor sleep quality was 53%.There was a high prevalence of reported poor quality of sleep among younger subjects and among those who were studied in community (noninstitutional) settings.


The pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality is quite high among Ethiopians.


Epidemiology Ethiopian Low-income countries Meta-analysis Sleep disorders Sleep quality Systematic review 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


This work is supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Majmaah University under project number no. 1440-17.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md Dilshad Manzar
    • 1
  • Bayu Begashaw Bekele
    • 2
  • Majumi M. Noohu
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohammed Salahuddin
    • 4
  • Abdulrhman Albougami
    • 1
  • David Warren Spence
    • 5
  • Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal
    • 6
  • Ahmed S Bahammam
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical SciencesMajmaah UniversityAl MajmaahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health SciencesMizan-Tepi UniversityMizan-AmanEthiopia
  3. 3.Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation SciencesJamia Milia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health SciencesMizan-Tepi UniversityMizan-AmanEthiopia
  5. 5.Independent researcherTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Somnogen Canada Inc.TorontoCanada
  7. 7.The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  8. 8.National Plan for Science and Technology, College of MedicineKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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