Association of continuous positive airway pressure with F2-isoprostanes in adults with obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis
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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased F2-isoprostanes, a reliable standard biomarker of oxidative stress. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective for all degrees of OSA. However, it remains unknown whether treatment with CPAP will decrease F2-isoprostanes. A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of CPAP treatment on F2-isoprostanes among patients with OSA.
The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library were searched before September, 2018. Eight articles assessing indices of F2-isoprostanes from various body fluids were identified. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were appropriately calculated through fixed or random effects models after assessing between-study heterogeneity.
A total of 4 studies with 108 patients were pooled for exhaled breath condensate (EBC) F2-isoprostanes; 3 studies with 93 patients were pooled for serum or plasma F2-isoprostanes; and 3 studies with 102 patients were pooled for urinary F2-isoprostanes. A significant decrease of EBC F2-isoprostanes was observed after CPAP treatment (WMD = 2.652, 95% CI = 0.168 to 5.136, z = 2.09, p = 0.036), as well as serum or plasma F2-isoprostanes and urinary F2-isoprostanes (SMD = 1.072, 95% CI = 0.276 to 1.868, z = 2.64, p = 0.008 and WMD = 85.907, 95% CI = 50.443 to 121.372, z = 4.75, p = 0.000, respectively).
This meta-analysis suggested that CPAP therapy was associated with a significant decrease in F2-isoprostanes in patients with OSA.
KeywordsObstructive sleep apnea Continuous positive airway pressure Oxidative stress F2-isoprostanes Meta-analysis
This work was supported by grant 2015-1-98 for Youth Research Fund from Fujian Provincial Health Bureau and grant 2017XQ1117 for Startup Fund for Scientific Research from Fujian Medical University. The funders had no role in study design, data collection, and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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