Expression profile of long non-coding RNAs in rat models of OSA-induced cardiovascular disease: new insight into pathogenesis

  • Qingshi Chen
  • Guofu Lin
  • Jiefeng Huang
  • Gongping Chen
  • Xiaoyun Huang
  • Qichang LinEmail author
Original Article



Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a recently identified class of regulatory molecules involved in the regulation of numerous biological processes, but their functions in a rat model of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) remain largely unknown. Therefore, for further investigation, we aimed to explore lncRNA expression profiles and reveal their potential functional roles in rat models of CIH.


We used a well-established CIH rat model and conducted lncRNA microarray experiments on the heart samples of rats with CIH and under normoxia control. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were identified via fold-change filtering and verified by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatics analyses were applied to reveal the potential roles of key lncRNAs. Co-expression analysis was conducted to determine the transcriptional regulatory relationship of lncRNAs and mRNAs between the two groups.


Our data indicated that 157 lncRNAs and 319 mRNAs were upregulated, while 132 lncRNAs and 428 mRNAs were downregulated in the rat model of CIH compared with sham control. Pathway analyses showed that 31 pathways involved in upregulated transcripts and 28 pathways involved in downregulated transcripts. Co-expression networks were also constructed to explore the potential roles of differentially expressed lncRNAs on mRNAs. LncRNAs, namely, XR_596701, XR_344474, XR_600374, ENSRNOT00000065561, XR_590196, and XR_597099, were validated by the use of qRT-PCR.


The present study first revealed lncRNAs expression profiles in a rat model of CIH, providing new insight into the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea-induced cardiovascular disease.


Long non-coding RNA Obstructive sleep apnea Cardiovascular disease Expression profiles 



This study is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number: 81370182 and 81870074), Quanzhou Science and Technology Projects (grant number: 2018N007S), and Startup Fund for Scientific Research, Fujian Medical University (grant number: 2017XQ1102).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingshi Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guofu Lin
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jiefeng Huang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gongping Chen
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xiaoyun Huang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Qichang Lin
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Respiratory DiseaseThe First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical UniversityQuanzhouChina
  3. 3.Laboratory of Respiratory Disease of Fujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina
  4. 4.Fujian Provincial Sleep-Disordered Breathing Clinic CenterFuzhouChina

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