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The efficacy and limitations of USI for diagnosing TMJ internal derangements

  • Kader Azlağ PekinceEmail author
  • Fatma Çağlayan
  • Adem Pekince
Original Article
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Abstract

Introduction

This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of ultrasonographic imaging for diagnosing temporomandibular joint internal derangements.

Materials and methods

Ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging scans of temporomandibular joints were obtained bilaterally in 55 patients who had temporomandibular joint disorders and who were diagnosed with temporomandibular joint internal derangements following a clinical examination. Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic imaging was assessed considering magnetic resonance imaging as the gold standard method.

Results

When the results of ultrasonographic imaging and magnetic resonance imaging were compared, the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic imaging was 0.81 for detecting TMJ disc displacement. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic imaging in detecting TMJ disc position was 0.81 in the closed-mouth position and 0.93 in the open-mouth position.

Conclusion

As a noninvasive and reproducible imaging method acquiring dynamic images, ultrasonographic imaging is a successful method in the evaluation of temporomandibular joint disc displacement.

Keywords

Temporomandibular joint Ultrasonographic imaging Magnetic resonance imaging Disc displacement with reduction Disc displacement without reduction 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest

Ethical approval

Ethical committee approval was obtained from Atatürk University Faculty of Dentistry. Ethics committee approval was given by the ethics committee of the Faculty of Dentistry at Atatürk University by the decision dated 15.09.2015 and numbered 39.

Informed consent

Informed consent is signatured by people included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Faculty of DentistryKarabük UniversityKarabükTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Faculty of DentistryAtatürk UniversityErzurumTurkey

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