Radiological manifestations of renal osteodystrophy in the orofacial region: a case report and literature review
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Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) is a metabolic skeletal pathology that frequently affects the orofacial region and presents with characteristic radiological manifestations. This paper reports a case of ROD causing diffused orofacial bone alterations in a female patient with end-stage chronic kidney disease. The radiological features on panoramic, posteroanterior and lateral skull and computed tomography radiographs are described for this case. Previous reports in the literature are reviewed and discussed with a focus on radiological characteristics and differential diagnoses.
KeywordsRenal osteodystrophy Oral and maxillofacial manifestations Radiological diagnosis
Funding was provided by National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31600400) and The College Funding of West China College of Stomatology.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Meng You, Bei Tang, Zi-jiang Wang, Kai-li Wang, and Hu Wang declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human rights statement and informed consent
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the study.
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