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Energy Efficient Clustering and Congestion Control in WSNs with Mobile Sinks

  • Mohammad MasdariEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Large scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) often utilize multiple mobile sink nodes to improve the network lifetime and scalability. However, most of the studies conducted in this context, consider unlimited buffer capacity for the sink nodes. But, this model cannot truly describe the behavior of WSNs and causes congestion in the sink nodes. To solve this problem, in this paper, we use limited buffer capacity for each mobile sink node in WSNs and present a two-level Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC)-based dynamic clustering scheme and congestion prevention. In this scheme, sink nodes try to predict current load based on their loads in previous rounds by using ARIMA method and based on it, the first FLC selects the nearest uncongested sink node from multiple available mobile sink nodes. Then, the second FLC applies the output of the first FLC to select appropriate nodes as cluster heads to mitigate the energy consumption in the network. Extensive simulation results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy logic-based solution in reducing congestion in the mobile sink nodes and improving load balancing in them which these result in the network lifetime improvement and decreasing the number of retransmissions.

Keywords

WSN Sink selection Clustering Fuzzy logic Load balancing Energy 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Urmia BranchIslamic Azad UniversityUrmiaIran

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