Providing an adequate level of quality-of-experience (QoE) for multimedia applications in mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) is a challenging task due to its environmental characteristics, such as dynamic network topology, variable bit-rates of transmitting traffic, and fluctuating link conditions. In this paper, we propose a QoS provisioning mobility-aware and radio characteristics enabled routing for video streaming over MANETs (Q-RCNM) based routing protocol, and its multipath variant (i.e., Q-RCNMM). Our protocols ensure adequate QoE to the end users while receiving the multimedia traffic. Q-RCNM uses link-bandwidth, link-delay, and link-transmission efficiency ratio as QoS metrics along with the node mobility during its QoS-aware route discovery phase. We propose novel techniques for accurately estimating the aforementioned QoS metrics. Additionally, we design a joint analytical model that simultaneously considers the dynamic values of the aforementioned metrics to generate a single link-QoS value. Simulation results in terms of peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), delay, route throughput, transmission efficiency, and route lifetime, shows the efficiency of our proposal when compared with similar state-of-the-art techniques.
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Sharma, L., Lal, C., Kaliyar, P. et al. Mobility-Aware and Radio Characteristics Enabled Routing for Video Streaming over MANETs. Wireless Pers Commun 110, 1795–1824 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-019-06812-1
- Link stability
- Bi-directional link loss factor
- Video streaming
- QoS-aware routing
- Quality of experience
- Cross-layer communication