Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 108, Issue 2, pp 1227–1242 | Cite as

IoT Based Multimode Sensing Platform for Underground Coal Mines

  • P. K. MishraEmail author
  • Subhash Kumar
  • Pratik
  • Manish Kumar
  • Jitendra Kumar


Real-time information of the underground environment plays a vital role for underground coal mines. For this purpose, a number of systems have been developed by earlier researchers. However, the application of IoT is very limited due to the nonexistence of TCP/IP in underground coal mines. Therefore, attempts have been made to develop an IP based multimode sensing platform for realizing the vision of IoT in underground coal mines. In the present development, a Zigbee based wireless sensor network (WSN) has been initially established and extended to IoT with IP enabled gateway. In addition, the data discard mechanism has been used to address the life span of the sensor network. A dashboard has been designed to access the data at the confluence of WSN and the gateway. Further, an android app has been developed for retrieving the data using the corresponding IP address. The data have also been visualized by the web browser in the same fashion. Finally, the full-scale IoT system has been tested and it is evident from the obtained results that the response of the system is in agreement.


WSN Internet of things Underground coal mines Sensing platform 



The authors are grateful to the Director, CSIR–Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad, India for his support as well as permitting the authors to publish the paper. The research work has been carried out for the Project ESC0112.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbadIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Technology (ISM)DhanbadIndia

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