Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 107, Issue 1, pp 707–707 | Cite as

Retraction Note to: Location Privacy with Dynamic Pseudonym-Based Multiple Mix-Zones Generation over Road Networks

  • Qasim Ali Arain
  • ZhongLiang Deng
  • Imran MemonEmail author
  • Asma Zubedi
  • Farman Ali Mangi
Retraction Note

1 Retraction Note to: Wireless Pers Commun (2017) 97:3645–3671

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because it shows significant overlap with previously published articles [2,3]. This article is therefore redundant. None of the authors agree to this retraction.
  1. 1.

    Arain, Q.A., Deng, Z., Memon, I. et al. Wireless Pers Commun (2017) 97: 3645.

  2. 2.

    Memon, I., Ali, Q., Zubedi, A. et al. Multimed Tools Appl (2017) 76: 24359.

  3. 3.

    Arain, Q.A., Deng, Z., Memon, I. et al. China Communications (2017) 14(4): 89.



Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Computer ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Economics and ManagementBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Electronic EngineeringUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina

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