Advertisement

Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 191–204 | Cite as

A Telemedicine Platform for Disaster Management and Emergency Care

  • Sadia AnwarEmail author
  • Ramjee Prasad
  • Bhawani Shankar Chowdhary
  • M. R. Anjum
Article
  • 92 Downloads

Abstract

Disaster or emergency can create unusual circumstances. And usually they are extremely hard to stop. However, an intelligent approach or strategy can limit the damage or causalities and can help in the restoration of the victims. The technology platform is promising for disaster management. But due to continuous innovation and shift in technology, one single platform for disaster still lacks to be settled that promise less depravity. Telemedicine can blend both technology and medical assistance that can aid in analysis, scalability and potential of a particular plan execution as well as in doing priority protocol practice based on victim’s conditions, indicators and diagnosis. Distance from approaching a victim and waiting time can be lessened by a fight-or-flight strategy which is active and rebound since it demands coordination and communication between various sectors for compliance and rebuilding with an intelligent strategy. Telemedicine describes the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve patients’ health status and care. Its applications in disaster situation likewise earthquake, war etc., required efficient, reliable communication technology such as GPRS, LTE etc. However, transmission losses or delay occur during transmission. Using Friis transmission condition transmission loses can be minimized for efficient communication. This paper proposed a model where telemedicine technology could be helpful especially in the areas the shortage of medical specialist or doctors.

Keywords

Telemedicine Intelligent strategy Coordination and communication Fight-or-flight Active & rebound ICT Wireless network 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    “3 Steps to telemedicine disaster preparedness.” [Online]. Available: https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/telehealth/3-steps-to-telemedicine-disaster-preparedness.html.
  2. 2.
    Anwar, S. (2016). 5G, an approach towards future telemedicine. Proceedings of the Global Wireless Summit 2016.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    “WHO | Definitions: emergencies,” WHO. [Online]. Available: http://www.who.int/hac/about/definitions/en/.
  4. 4.
    “WHO | Disasters and emergencies,” WHO. [Online]. Available: http://www.who.int/surgery/challenges/esc_disasters_emergencies/en/.
  5. 5.
    Kellenberg, D., & Mobarak, A. M. (2011). The economics of natural disasters. Annual Review of Resource Economics, 3(1), 297–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    “Overview of Natural Disasters and their Impacts in Asia and the Pacific, 1970–2014 | United Nations ESCAP.” [Online]. Available: http://www.unescap.org/resources/overview-natural-disasters-and-their-impacts-asia-and-pacific-1970-2014.
  7. 7.
    “Understanding the Impact of Natural Disasters: Exposure to Direct Damages Across Countries.” [Online]. Available: https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:zLY1tJaxuq0J:https://www.eenews.net/assets/2016/11/30/document_cw_01.pdf+&cd=9&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
  8. 8.
    “Disasters in Europe: More frequent and causing more damage,” European Environment Agency. [Online]. Available: https://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/natural-hazards-and-technological-accidents.
  9. 9.
    “The 10 most common natural disasters in the U.S.,” TopTenReviews. [Online]. Available: http://www.toptenreviews.com/services/articles/the-10-most-common-natural-disasters-in-the-u.s./.
  10. 10.
    “Regions hit by natural disasters to get more support from EU—Consilium.” [Online]. Available: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/06/26/eu-support-natural-dissasters/.
  11. 11.
    “Phases of Disaster: Disaster preparedness and economic recovery,” Restore Your Economy.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Xiong, W., Bair, A., Sandrock, C., Wang, S., Siddiqui, J., & Hupert, N. (2012). Implementing telemedicine in medical emergency response: Concept of operation for a regional telemedicine Hub. Journal of Medical Systems, 36(3), 1651–1660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    Jafari, N., Shahsanai, A., Memarzadeh, M., & Loghmani, A. (2011). Prevention of communicable diseases after disaster: A review. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 16(7), 956–962.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    “Emergency Medical Response.” [Online]. Available: http://bcn.boulder.co.us/community/explorer/ep493d4c.htm.
  18. 18.
    Ajami, S., & Lamoochi, P. (2014). Use of telemedicine in disaster and remote places. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 3, 26.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zubairi, J. A., & Idwan, S. (2017). Smart algorithms for patient assignment in disasters. ICT Express, 4, 107–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    “Technical Paper: Space Applications for Improving Disaster Management | United Nations ESCAP.” [Online]. Available: http://www.unescap.org/resources/space-applications-improving-disaster-management.
  21. 21.
    ur Rahman, M., Rahman, S., Mansoor, S., Deep, V., & Aashkaar, M. (2016). Implementation of ICT and wireless sensor networks for earthquake alert and disaster management in earthquake prone areas. Procedia Computer Science, 85, 92–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    “NASA Demonstrates Tsunami Prediction System,” NASA/JPL. [Online]. Available: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=2633.
  23. 23.
    Chiti, F., Fantacci, R., Maccari, L., Marabissi, D., & Tarchi, D. (2008). A broadband wireless communications system for emergency management. IEEE Wireless Communications, 15(3), 8–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    “Human mobility powers wireless communication for disaster relief—The Financial Express.” [Online]. Available: https://www.financialexpress.com/industry/technology/human-mobility-powers-wireless-communication-for-disaster-relief/764520/.
  25. 25.
    Erdelj, M., Natalizio, E., Chowdhury, K. R., & Akyildiz, I. F. (2017). Help from the sky: Leveraging UAVs for disaster management. IEEE Pervasive Computing, 16(1), 24–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. H. CNN, “In the future, drones could save your life,” CNN. [Online]. Available: https://www.cnn.com/2017/10/09/health/ambulance-drone-teching-care-of-your-health/index.html.
  27. 27.
    Choi-Fitzpatrick, A., et al. Up in the air: A global estimate of non-violent drone use 2009–2015. University of San Diego. [Online]. Available: https://digital.sandiego.edu/gdl2016report/.
  28. 28.
    Khazan, O. (2016). The super-secret, life-saving, flying robot. The Atlantic. [Online]. Available: https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/04/a-drone-to-save-theworld/476592/.
  29. 29.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business Development and TechnologyAarhus UniversityHerningDenmark
  2. 2.Institute of Information and Communication TechnologiesMehran University of Engineering & TechnologyJamshoroPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Electronic Engineering, University College of Engineering & TechnologyIslamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan

Personalised recommendations