Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 71–83 | Cite as

Anti-fog System for High Speed Vehicles Using WI-FI

  • Ghulam Fiza MirzaEmail author
  • A. W. Umrani
  • Abdul Razzaque Jawad
  • Nafeesa Bohra
  • B. S. Chowdhry
  • Fahim Aziz Umrani


Smog is considered as a serious worldwide problem especially in Asian countries resulting sometimes in fatal injuries. Wireless communication can play a vital role in solving this problem effectively. In this paper, a novel offline system is proposed and designed to drive the vehicles safely in a dense smoggy atmosphere where nothing is visible to the driver. The system utilizes off the shelf wireless fidelity modules operating in station mode for moving vehicles and access point mode for immobile vehicles to enable the driver to drive along a smoggy path in case if any vehicle is stopped on the motorway due to any reason (accident, car breakdown etc.) along with the use of node microcontroller unit, ultrasonic sensors and accelerometer. Ultra Sonic sensors installed on vehicle show the distance of front objects to let him drive safely. Additionally, an android application is also designed so that the users having an Internet resource can see road hazards (speed breakers, potholes, debris etc) ahead. The K-means clustering method using elbow technique is used to analyze the mobile phone’s global positioning system coordinates and speed of vehicle to do effective road monitoring. The proposed system would not only be helpful for the drivers to drive smoothly on the road in foggy environment and avoid unforeseen catastrophes but can also be used for effective road monitoring.


Smog Wireless communication Alert system Smooth driving Road hazards Accident prevention Android application 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Telecommunication EngineeringMUETJamshoroPakistan

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