Throughput Optimization for Interference Aware Underlay CRN
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Minimization of interference to primary user (PU), maximizing the throughput and connectivity of secondary users (SUs) while providing the quality of service are the major challenges for success of an underlay mode cognitive radio network (CRN). In this work we propose a model for addressing channel sharing problem for an ad-hoc underlay CRN. The objective is to maximize the throughput of the SUs while keeping the level of interference caused to the PU by the SUs under a given PU threshold. During the underlay communication, each SU receives certain signal strength based on their distances from the PU. A head node is chosen amongst the SUs using a technique based on received signal strength by the SUs. The head collects the information from all the other SUs in terms of data rate requirement, interference produced to PU and the SNR level of the SUs through a common control channel. Using the information received a dynamic programming based model is proposed to decide which SUs can be selected to access a channel for underlay mode communication. A channel is allowed to be accessed such that the throughput of the network is maximized while the overall interference to the PU receiver is kept within the specified tolerable limit. The head node dynamically assigns the channel among the selected SUs. The efficacy of the proposed model has been evaluated with numerical evaluation and simulation study. A greedy algorithm has been formulated which selects the SUs based on their data rate to interference ratio for simulation and comparative study with the proposed model. The results show that the proposed model outperforms the greedy algorithm while increasing the overall connectivity.
KeywordsCognitive radio network Received signal strength Primary user Secondary user
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