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Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 305–323 | Cite as

Cell Selection for Load Balancing in Heterogeneous Networks

  • Yasin Aghazadeh
  • Hashem Kalbkhani
  • Mahrokh G. Shayesteh
  • Vahid Solouk
Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

The vision of advanced long-term evolution (LTE-A) project is set to ultimate increase of network capacity in heterogeneous networks (HetNets). In HetNets with small cell configuration, a considerable majority of user devices is eventually connected to the macrocell base station (MBS), while small base stations (BSs), such as femtocell access points (FAPs), are still without any user. This results in unbalanced load and reduces the data rate of macrocell user equipment (MUE). In this paper, a method is proposed for load balancing among FAPs, while desired throughput is achieved. The proposed method uses the estimated received signal strength from different BSs and adjusted pilot signals. Under the critical signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) condition, a list of candidate FAPs is prepared. The updated candidate list henceforth does not include the least visited FAPs, which in turn leads to lower unnecessary handoffs. Once the BS with the highest number of free RBs and the highest pilot signal power is selected, FAP allocates the RBs with higher SINRs (qualified RBs) to user. In the case of FAP unavailability, the algorithm compels users to connect to the MBS with adequate qualified RBs. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated under a variety of FAPs density, and the number and velocity of users in terms of throughput and Jain’s fairness index. The results evidence affordable improvements in the throughput and Jain’s index in comparison with other methods.

Keywords

Cell selection Jain’s index Load balancing Femtocell Pilot signal 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran
  2. 2.Wireless Research Lab, ACRI, Electrical Engineering DepartmentSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of IT and Computer EngineeringUrmia University of TechnologyUrmiaIran

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