Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 97, Issue 3, pp 3811–3829 | Cite as

An Accurate Indoor RSSI Localization Algorithm Based on Active RFID System with Reference Tags

  • Noor Baha AldinEmail author
  • Ergun Erçelebi
  • Mahmut Aykaç


Radio frequency identification technologies are popular since their cost is very low and its data transmission based upon radio-wave communications. Where, the objects that are attached to tags are located using the reference tags. However, RSSI information suffers from the multipath propagation and anisotropic interference. So, the localization accuracy will be affected severely. Also, the multipath-propagation increases whenever the reference-tags increase, and so does for the cost, and signal interference. This paper presents a boundary virtual reference label algorithm for improving the indoor-efficiency by inserting some virtual reference tags on the boundary with establishing a linear regression model that eliminates unwanted tag information from the estimation procedure. The Results show that the localisation precision of the proposed approach has significantly increased, at least 78% without adding extra reference tags or radio frequency interference which represents a significant improvement over other algorithms .


RFID Indoor location RSSI Radio frequency identification Virtual reference-tag 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noor Baha Aldin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ergun Erçelebi
    • 2
  • Mahmut Aykaç
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer EngineeringUniversity of TechnologyBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringGaziantep UniversityGaziantepTurkey

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