Secrecy and throughput performance of an energy harvesting hybrid cognitive radio network with spectrum sensing
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In this paper, we evaluate the secrecy outage performance and throughput of a hybrid cognitive radio network, where a secondary user (SU) accesses the primary spectrum either in underlay or overlay mode based on spectrum sensing decision. In underlay, the transmit power of the SU as well as the relay is limited by the maximum acceptable interference at primary user (PU) receiver as required by an PU outage constraint, a quality of service for PU. The secondary network employs a decode and forward relay which harvests energy from the radio frequency signal of SU following a time switching relaying protocol. We develop analytical expressions for secrecy outage considering the impact of sensing decision and sensing time. Impact of sensing time, imperfect channel state information of interfering link, energy harvesting time, acceptable interference threshold and PU outage constraint on the secrecy outage probability, as well as throughput of SU are investigated. Further, an interplay between throughput performance and secrecy outage of the network is highlighted.
KeywordsCognitive radio network (CRN) Spectrum sensing Throughput Imperfect channel state information (CSI) Energy harvesting (EH) Secrecy outage probability (SOP)
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