In this paper,
a combination system of multi-antenna multiple input multiple output (MIMO) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technologies is investigated, in which the source communicates with users using a multiple amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying network. These relay nodes are equipped with a single antenna and employ a power-splitting protocol to harvest energy from received signals, whereas the source and users are multiple-antenna nodes. In addition, two antenna-relay selection methods are considered to enhance the harvested energy at the relay including the maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and transmit antenna selection (TAS) at the source, with maximal-ratio combining at the users, these methods are compared to the performance of the random selection (RS) scheme. To evaluate the performance of the proposed system, we derive analytical expressions of the outage probability and throughput for the MRT and TAS schemes over Rayleigh fading channels, and use a Monte Carlo simulation to verify the accuracy of the analytical results. The results demonstrate the benefit of using MRT and TAS schemes, which provide a better performance than RS schemes, in a MIMO/NOMA system. Moreover, these results characterize the effects of various system parameters, such as power allocation factors, the numbers of antenna and relay nodes, power-splitting ratio, successive interference cancellation and energy-harvesting efficiency, on the system performance of two users of MIMO/NOMA. This is further compared with multiple-antenna conventional orthogonal multiple access (MIMO/OMA) schemes.
Non-orthogonal multiple access Multiple-input multiple-output Energy harvesting Amplify-and-forward Maximum ratio transmission Transmit antenna selection
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This work was supported by the 2020 Research Fund of the University of Ulsan.
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