Wireless Networks

, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 4541–4553 | Cite as

New scheme for underwater acoustically wireless transmission using direct sequence code division multiple access in MIMO systems

  • Rajiv Kapoor
  • Rashmi Gupta
  • Raghavendra Kumar
  • Le Hoang SonEmail author
  • Sudan Jha


This paper proposes a new technique based on Direct Sequence Code Division Multiple Access for underwater acoustically wireless transmission with excessive transmission rate. Environment of subsea is challenging for wireless communication because the medium in which waves are propagating is not air. In fact, it is propagated through fractions of water having different densities. Finding out various techniques for multipath access targeting the physical layer of Acoustic Sensor Networks is indeed necessary. The recent approaches have suggested that coded modulation techniques with exploited diversity are highly preferred in order to enhance the dependability of the acoustic link in different multipath channels. The proposed technique divides the channel into sub ones and transmits information via those sub channels. In variety-spectrum, a signal in a bandwidth is unfold within frequency domain and broad bandwidth. Experimental results show that Bit Error Rate (BER) of this method is better than that of channel equalization in the respective systems.


Magnetic Induction Wireless communication Channel model Underwater wireless communication networks (UWCNs) Underwater acoustic communications CDMA Bit error rate (BER) 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringDelhi Technological UniversityDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringAIACT&RDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Computer Science and Engineering DepartmentLNCT CollegeBhopalIndia
  4. 4.Institute of Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDanangVietnam
  5. 5.VNU University of ScienceVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam
  6. 6.School of Computer EngineeringKIIT UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

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