Smart integrated IoT healthcare system for cancer care

  • Adeniyi OnasanyaEmail author
  • Maher Elshakankiri


The emergence of the internet of things (IoT) has drastically influenced and shaped the world of technology in the contexts of connectivity, interconnectivity, and interoperability with smart connected sensors, objects, devices, data, and applications. In fact, IoT has brought notable impacts on the global economy and human experience that span from industry to industry in a variety of application domains, including healthcare. With IoT, it is expected to facilitate a seamless interaction and communication of objects (devices) with humans in the environment. Therefore, it is imperative to embrace the potentials and benefits of IoT technology in healthcare delivery to ensure saving lives and to improve the quality of life using smart connected devices. In this paper, we focus on the IoT based healthcare system for cancer care services and business analytics/cloud services and also propose the adoption and implementation of IoT/WSN technology to augment the existing treatment options to deliver healthcare solution. Here, the business analytics/cloud services constitute the enablers for actionable insights, decision making, data transmission and reporting for enhancing cancer treatments. Furthermore, we propose a variety of frameworks and architectures to illustrate and support the functional IoT-based solution that is being considered or utilized in our proposed smart healthcare solution for cancer care services. Finally, it will be important to understand and discuss some security issues and operational challenges that have characterized the IoT-enabled healthcare system.


Internet of things (IoT) Business analytics Cancer care services Healthcare system Smart devices Wireless sensor network (WSN) 


  1. 1.
    AACR Cancer Progress Report. (2017). Harnessing research discoveries to save lives. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  2. 2.
    A wireless sensor networks bibliography. Autonomous networks research group. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  3. 3.
    Baena-Canada, J. M., Estalella-Mendoza, S., Rosado-Varela, P., Exposito-Alvarez, I., Gonzalez-Guerrero, M., Diaz-Blanco, M. C., et al. (2012). Use of health-care services during chemotherapy for breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer, 48, 3328–3334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cancer Research Investment in Canada. (2015). Canadian Cancer research alliance, December 2017.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dimitrov, D. V. (2016). Medical internet of things and big data in healthcare. Healthcare Informatics Research, 22(3), 156–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dineshkumar, P., SenthilKumar, R., Sujatha, K., Ponmagal, R. S., & Rajavarman, V. N. (2016). Big Data analytics of IoT based health care monitoring system. In IEEE Uttar Pradesh section international conference on electrical, computer & electronics engineering (UPCON) (pp. 55–60)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fan, Y. J., Yin, Y. H., Xu, L. D., Zeng, Y., & Wu, F. (2014). IoT-based smart rehabilitation system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(2), 1568–1577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hanes, D., Salgueiro, G., Grossetete, P., Barton, R., & Henry, J. (2017). IoT fundamentals: Networking technologies, protocols, and use cases for the internet of things. Indianapolis, USA: Cisco Press.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Kaplan, W. (2004). Priority medicines for Europe and the world “A Public Health Approach to Innovation”. Background paper 6.5 of cancer and cancer therapeutics.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lakkis, S., & Elshakankiri, M. (2017). IoT based emergency and operational services in medical care systems. In 13th CTTE/CMI conference on internet of things—business models, users, & networks, Denmark Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lewis, W. (2009). LAN switching and wireless. CCNA exploration companion guide. Indianapolis, Indiana, USA: Cisco Press.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liu, W. (2016). Robustness quantification and worst-case robust optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy. In A. K. Rath & N. Sahoo (Eds.), Particle radiotherapy: Emerging technology for treatment of cancer (pp. 139–155). New Delhi: Springer.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lu, D., & Liu, T. (2011). The application of IoT in medical system. In IEEE International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education (No. 1, pp. 272–275)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Medical Definition of Tumor. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  16. 16.
    Medical definition of tumor. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  17. 17.
    Odeh, B., Kayyali, R., Nabhani-Gebara, S., & Philip, N. (2015). Optimizing cancer care through mobile health. Support Care Cancer, 23, 2183–2188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Onasanya, A., & Elshakankiri, M. (2017). IoT implementation for cancer care & business analytics/cloud services. In Proceedings of the 10th IEEE/ACM international conference on utility & cloud computing (UCC 2017) (pp. 205–206)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Onasanya, A., & Elshakankiri, M. (2018). Secured cancer care and cloud services in IoT/WSN based medical systems. In A. K. Pathan, Z. M. Fadlullah, & G. Mohamed (Eds.), Proceedings of second EAI international conference on smart grid and internet of things (SgIoT 2018). Lecture notes of the institute for computer sciences, social informatics and telecommunications engineering (LNICST) (Vol. 256, pp. 23–35). Springer Nature.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Patel, S., Park, H., Bonato, P., Chan, L., & Rodgers, M. (2012). A review of wearable sensors and systems with application in rehabilitation. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 9, 21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pawar, A. B., & Ghumbre, S. (2016). A survey on IoT applications, security challenges and counter measures. In International conference on computing, analytics and security trends (CAST) (pp. 294–299)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rahmani, A., Thanigaivelan, N. K., Gia, T. N., Granados, J., Negash, B., Liljeberg, P., & Tenhunen, H. (2015). Smart e-health gateway: Bringing intelligence to Internet-of-Things based ubiquitous healthcare systems. In 12th annual IEEE consumer communications and networking conference (CCNC) (pp. 826–834)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Riazul Islam, S. M., Kwak, D., Kabir, H., Hossain, M., & Kwak, K. S. (2015). The IoT for health care: A comprehensive survey. IEEE Access, 3, 678–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Satija, U., Ramkumar, B., & Sabarimalai Manikandan, M. (2017). Real-time signal quality-aware ECG telemetry system for IoT-based health care monitoring. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 4(3), 815–823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sell, S. (2004). Stem cell origin of cancer and differentiation therapy. Critical Reviews in Oncology Hematology, 51(1), 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sohn, S. Y., Bae, M., Lee, D. K. R., & Kim, H. (2015). Alarm system for elder patients medication with IoT-enabled pill bottle. In International conference on information and communication technology convergence (ICTC) (pp. 59–61)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sohraby, K., Minoli, D., & Znati, T. (2007). Wireless sensor networks: Technology, protocols, & applications. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Stackowiak, R., Licht, A., Mantha, V., & Nagode, L. (2015). Big data and the IoT. Enterprise information architecture for a new age. Ontario: Apress.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    What are the different types of tumors? Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  30. 30.
    Yao, J. T., & Onasanya, A. (2017). Recent development of rough computing: A scientometrics view. In G. Wang, et al. (Eds.), Thriving rough sets, studies in computational intelligence (Vol. 708, pp. 21–45). Switzerland: Springer Nature.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of ReginaReginaCanada

Personalised recommendations