Pseudomonas sp. UW4 acdS gene promotes primordium initiation and fruiting body development of Agaricus bisporus
To simplify industrial mushroom cultivation, we introduced a bacterial Pseudomonas sp. UW4 acdS gene, encoding 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase (AcdS), into fungus Agaricus bisporus. Transformant A. bisporus-acdS14 cased with sterilized-vermiculite generated primordia 5 days sooner than wild-type strain, confirming the specific role of the AcdS enzyme. Being consistent with the AcdS enzyme activity increased by 84%, the mycelium growth rate was increased by 25%; but, the ACC and ethylene concentrations were reduced by 71% and 36%, respectively, in the A. bisporus-acdS14 transformant. And the bacterium P. sp. UW4 attachment on the mycelium of the A. bisporus-acdS14 transformant was drastically reduced. We conclude that the heterogeneously expressed bacterial acdS gene degrades ACC and reduces ethylene-synthesis, eliminating ethylene inhibition on the mycelium growth and primordium formation in A. bisporus. Our results provide new insights into the mechanism underlying casing soil bacterium, and help formulate a casing-less cultivation for the next-generation mushroom industry.
KeywordsACC deaminase Agaricus bisporus Ethylene Pseudomonas sp. UW4
This work was supported by the National Spark Program of China (Grant No. 2015GA750013).
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