A practical random mutagenesis system for Ralstonia solanacearum strains causing bacterial wilt of Pogostemon cablin using Tn5 transposon
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A practical random mutagenesis system of Ralstonia solanacearum by electroporation with Tn5 transposon was established, which may be utilized to provide genetic approach to study virulence genes of R. solanacearum strains and create nonpathogenic mutants for biological control of bacterial wilt in Pogostemon cablin. R. solanacearum strain PRS-84 used in this study was isolated from P. cablin plants infected with bacterial wilt. The bacterial suspension of R. solanacearum strain PRS-84 was mixed with Tn5 transposome complex and the mixture was transformed by electroporation. The electroporated cells were then spread on the 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride agar plates containing kanamycin to select the kanamycin-resistant colonies. Several factors which determined the bacterial transformation efficiency were optimized. The transformation process was shown to be optimal at the electric field strength of 12.5 kV cm−1. Bacterial cells harvested at mid-exponential phase gave the highest transformation efficiency. 10 µg mL−1 kanamycin was found to be the optimal concentration for transformant selection. Tn5 insertion mutants of R. solanacearum strain PRS-84 were identified by PCR amplification and Southern blot analysis. Mutants subcultured for 100 passages were also detected by PCR amplification and Southern blot analysis. Furthermore, pathogenicity screening test of mutants was performed by inoculating in vitro regenerated patchouli plants. Results revealed that mutants with a single Tn5 insertion in their genomes were obtained from R. solanacearum strain PRS-84, and the Tn5 insertion could be stably inherited in the mutants. Then, mutants with reduced pathogenicity were selected.
KeywordsElectrotransformation Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth Ralstonia solanacearum Tn5 transposon
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81373901) and Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No. 20134425110012).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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