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Genetic variability and physiological traits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from “Vale dos Vinhedos” vineyards reflect agricultural practices and history of this Brazilian wet subtropical area

  • Giulia Crosato
  • Milena Carlot
  • Alberto De Iseppi
  • Juliano Garavaglia
  • Laura Massochin Nunes Pinto
  • Denise Righetto Ziegler
  • Renata Cristina de Souza Ramos
  • Rochele Cassanta Rossi
  • Chiara Nadai
  • Alessio Giacomini
  • Viviana Corich
Original Paper
  • 124 Downloads

Abstract

Vale dos Vinhedos appellation of origin has a very recent history as industrial wine making region. In this study we investigated the genetic and phenotypic variability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from South-Brazilian vineyards in order to evaluate strain fermentation aptitude and copper and sulphites tolerance. Merlot grape bunches were collected from three vineyards and yeast isolation was performed after single bunch fermentation. High genotypic variability was found and most of the genotypes revealed to be vine-specific. No industrial strain dissemination was present in the sampled vineyards, although it has been wildly reported in traditional winemaking countries. From the phenotypic traits analysis these Brazilian native strains showed good fermentation performances, good tolerance to sulphites and, in particular, a high copper tolerance level. Copper is the most important metal in the formulation of fungicides against downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), one of the most harmful disease of the vines, and other fungal pests. The high tolerance to copper suggests an environmental adaptation to the strong use of copper-based fungicides, requested by the wet subtropical climate.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Native strain Wine yeast MtDNA RFLP analysis Geographical distribution Copper tolerance SO2 tolerance 

Abbreviations

SA

Sampling area

GD-SO2

Growth decrease due to sulphur dioxide

GD-CuSO4

Growth decrease due to copper sulphate

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially funded by MIUR (Ministero dell’Istruzione dell’Università e della Ricerca, project 60A08-9152/11). The authors gratefully acknowledge Miss Fernanda Herter (ittNUTRIFOR, Unisinos) and Dr Luciano Alves (ittNUTRIFOR, Unisinos) for technical support in performing HPLC analysis and fermentation trials. The winemaking company Vinícola Miolo (Vale dos Vinhedos, Bento Goncalves, RS, Brazil) is acknowledged for providing the vineyards for the sampling campaign.

Supplementary material

11274_2018_2490_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (324 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 324 KB)

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdepartmental Centre for Research in Viticulture and Enology (CIRVE)University of PadovaConeglianoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy Food Natural resources Animals and Environment (DAFNAE)University of PadovaLegnaroItaly
  3. 3.Institute of Technology of Food for Health (itt Nutrifor)University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS)Cristo Rei – São LeopoldoBrazil
  4. 4.Department of NutritionFederal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre (UFCSPA)Porto AlegreBrazil

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