Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:272 | Cite as

Water Quality Assessment and Variation Trends Analysis of the Min River Sea-Entry Section, China

  • Qinghua Rao
  • Yu Qiu
  • Jiabing LiEmail author


In order to further understand the status of the water quality of Min River’s sea-entry section, the index systems for water environmental quality assessment was built based on twenty evaluation parameters including dissolved oxygen (DO), permanganate index (CODMn), chemical oxygen demand (CODCr), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), ammonia (NH3-N), total phosphorus (TP), and total nitrogen (TN). Water environmental quality of Min River’s sea-entry section in 2015–2017 was evaluated by utilizing the entire-array-polygon synthesis illustration method, accompanied by the time-dependent trend analysis. The results demonstrated that the water environmental quality of Min River’s sea-entry section was between the levels I and II of the Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water (EQSSW, GB3838-2002) in 2015–2017, indicating a generally good water quality. The water quality was affected by both natural factors (such as temperature, rainfall, and runoff) and human factors and had a tendency to deteriorate at the duration of 2015–2017. The research results are of great significance for further understanding of the discharge of pollutants from the Min River basin and will be a strong support for the scientific decision-making of marine management in Fujian Province.


Sea-entry section Water quality assessment Entire-array-polygon synthesis illustration method Min River 


Funding Information

This study was financially supported by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Fujian Province University (No. Office of science and technology, Fujian Provincial Education Department [2018]47), the National Nature Science Foundation of Fujian Province (No. 2018 J01744), the 2017 High-level Intramural Training Project of Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, No. KY2017S05, the JK Project of Science and Technology Department of Fujian Province, No. JK2017011, and the Central Government Guides Local Science and Technology Development Project (No. 2019 L3013).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Measurement and Control System for Coastal EnvironmentFuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fujian Province UniversityFuqingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Northeast Asian Studies CollegeJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Plant, Environmental and Soil SciencesLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA

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