Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:255 | Cite as

Performance and Mechanism of GO-MCM-Fe Composite Catalyst Activating Persulfate to Remove Levofloxacin Hydrochloride in Water

  • Wenda ZuoEmail author
  • Xu Wang
  • Dongyan Zhang
  • Ying Sun
  • Jingbo Xu
  • Ping GuoEmail author


A composite catalyst of MCM-41-supported graphene oxide (GO) and iron (GO-MCM-Fe) was synthesized with solvothermal method and shown for the first time to be an efficient peroxydisulfate (PDS) activator to remove levofloxacin hydrochloride (LVF) in water. A total of 97.10% of LVF were removed within 10 min in the GO-MCM-Fe/PDS system. And the apparent rate constant of the GO-MCM-/Fe/PDS system was 11.78 and 1.35 times that of the GO-MCM-Fe system and MCM-Fe/PDS system, respectively. GO-MCM-Fe catalyst achieved lower iron ions (0.27%) than MCM-Fe (0.89%) at 60 min. Although GO could strengthen stability of the catalyst; this effect was negatively related with GO dosages in this work. And 5%wt Fe and 30 mL GO solution were chosen as the optimal condition for catalyst synthesis. The GO-MCM-Fe catalyst could be reused and the LVF removal ratio reached about 86% even after the fifth run. Both SO4· and ·OH played the important roles and the latter was a dominant role. Additionally, in the process of GO-MCM-Fe activating PDS, there existed a redox interaction between the C=C of GO and Fe3+, in which the C=C of GO was oxidized into C=O; meanwhile, Fe3+ was reduced to Fe2+ which further activated PDS to generate radicals. This study provides a promising catalyst in effectively activating PDS to remove organic pollutants in water.


Persulfate Free radicals MCM-41 Graphene oxide Activation Levofloxacin hydrochloride 


Funding Information

This study was supported by program (201809).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11270_2019_4303_MOESM1_ESM.docx (787 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 786 kb)


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment Ministry of Education, Collage of New Energy and EnvironmentJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.The First Hospital of Jilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Superhard MaterialsJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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