In Situ Synthesis and Photocatalytic Properties of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Cotton Fabrics

  • Zhanxia Bao
  • Shuhua WangEmail author
  • Xiaoying Yu
  • Yindong Gao
  • Zeling Wen


In this paper, nanosized titanium dioxide as catalysts for degrading dye wastewater was in situ synthesized on the surface of cotton fabrics used tetrabutyl titanate as precursor. The morphology and structure of prepared catalysts were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectrometer, and X-ray diffraction. The characterization results showed that anatase nanosized titanium dioxide was successfully synthesized in situ on cotton fabrics and had excellent dispersibility. Subsequently, the effects of irradiation time, catalyst dosage, dye concentration, initial pH value of dye, hydrogen peroxide dosage, and dye type on dye degradation rate were investigated one by one by a photocatalytic performance test. The test results indicated that the degradation rates of methylene blue, methyl orange, and rhodamine B were 90.4%, 81.4%, and 58.3%, separately, at catalyst dosage of 4.8 g/L, initial dye concentration of 10 mg/L, pH of 7, and hydrogen peroxide dosage of 0.24 mol/L, after 4 h of UV irradiation.


Dye wastewater Tetrabutyl titanate Titanium dioxide Cotton fabrics Photocatalytic performance Degradation rate 


Funding Information

The authors acknowledge the Scientific Research Fund of Taiyuan University of Technology for financial support (Project No. 20504020203) and Shanxi Provincial Foundation for Returned Scholars, China (Project No. 2017048).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhanxia Bao
    • 1
  • Shuhua Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaoying Yu
    • 1
  • Yindong Gao
    • 1
  • Zeling Wen
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Textile EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China

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