Effect of Olive Mill Wastewater (OMW) Application on Soil Properties and Wheat Growth Performance Under Rain-Fed Conditions

  • Osama MohaweshEmail author
  • Husam Al-Hamaiedeh
  • Ammar Albalasmeh
  • Samer Qaraleh
  • Maisaa Haddadin


The olive mill wastewater (OMW) properties impose substantial practical and fiscal difficulties for effective management and dumping. A feasible and practical option is a regulated spreading of OMW into the soil. This study aimed to investigate the sustainable reuse of OMW through land application to enhance soil quality and wheat growth performance under rain-fed conditions. OMW was spread at 20, 40, 60, 80, and 120 m3 ha−1 at two sites. Soil physical and chemical properties were measured after OMW application and after harvest. Wheat growth performance and leaf nutrient content were determined. This study revealed no deleterious influence of OMW application on soil properties and wheat growth at the two locations for all OMW application doses. The OMW land spreading improved significantly wheat growth by increasing the biological yield (BYLD) (8.4 to 36.5%), grain yield (GYLD) (20.1 to 79.4%), and harvest index (HI) (4.2 to 60.2%). Based on the measured soil chemical parameters and wheat grain yield, we can suggest that OMW application rate at 60 m3 ha−1 could improve significantly wheat growth without significant negative impact on soil properties. In conclusion, we recommend using OMW as suggested in this study for wheat. However, still the long-term application of OMW assessment and local legislative adaptation of saving use are necessary.


Soil amendments Olive mill wastewater (OMW) Pollution Water recycle Sustainability 


Funding Information

This work is gratefully funded by the scientific research fund, Jordan Ministry of Higher Education (No. WE/2/02/2014).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Production, Faculty of AgricultureMutah UniversityKarakJordan
  2. 2.Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringMutah UniversityKarakJordan
  3. 3.Department of Natural Resources and EnvironmentJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  4. 4.Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of AgricultureMutah UniversityKarakJordan
  5. 5.National Agriculture Research Centre (NARC)AmmanJordan

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