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Evaluation of the Cr(VI) Adsorption Performance of Xanthate Polysaccharides Supported onto Agave Fiber-LDPE Foamed Composites

Abstract

In this work, hexavalent chromium adsorption onto LDPE and agave fiber composites coated with chitosan or cellulose was studied in batch experiments. Chemical modifications consisting in cross-linked chitosan, cross-linked chitosan xanthate, and cellulose xanthate were applied to the polysaccharide-coated sorbents in order to increase their stability and adsorption capacity. The sorbents were characterized in terms of morphology by scanning electron microscopy and their chemical composition was evaluated by infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies. The results showed that the adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second-order model in all cases (i.e., chemisorption as the rate-limiting step of the adsorption reaction). Moreover, the isotherms evidenced a monolayer adsorption on homogeneous sites described by the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacity of 284.7 mg Cr(VI)/g was obtained for the cross-linked chitosan xanthate sorbent at pH 4 which represents an increase of 43% against the chitosan-coated sorbent (199.1 mg Cr(VI)/g). Besides, functionalized cellulose sorbent also increased its capacity from 84.5 to 106.0 mg Cr(VI)/g cellulose due to the xanthate group. Up to six adsorption-desorption cycles were completed for the case of functionalized chitosan sorbent, confirming that the stability was increased with the cross-linking and the material could be reused several times without losing its adsorption capacity. In the case of cellulose xanthate, only three adsorption cycles were completed. However, improvements were observed in the desorption capacity considering that it decreased below 20% after two cycles in the cellulose-coated sorbent.

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Correspondence to Jorge R. Robledo-Ortíz.

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Moreno-López, A.Y., González-López, M.E., Manríquez-González, R. et al. Evaluation of the Cr(VI) Adsorption Performance of Xanthate Polysaccharides Supported onto Agave Fiber-LDPE Foamed Composites. Water Air Soil Pollut 230, 133 (2019) doi:10.1007/s11270-019-4181-2

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Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Composites
  • Chitosan xanthate
  • Cellulose xanthate
  • Chromium