High Catalytic Activity of Fe3−xCuxO4/Graphene Oxide (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) Nanocomposites as Heterogeneous Fenton Catalysts for p-Nitrophenol Degradation

  • Mingwang Liu
  • Zhenzhen Jia
  • Peng Li
  • Yunfang LiuEmail author
  • Mengjia Zhao
  • Yizi Yang
  • Qigu Huang
  • Changyuan Yu


In order to improve the catalytic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in wastewater treatment, the Cu-doped Fe3O4/graphene oxide (Fe3−xCuxO4/GO) nanocomposites were prepared by a modified co-precipitation method and used as heterogeneous catalyst for p-Nitrophenol (p-NP) degradation. The effect of the GO and Cu contents in the nanocomposites was investigated. Compared with the unsupported Fe3O4 nanoparticles, the Fe3O4/GO nanocomposites have obviously improved catalytic performance, especially for the nanocomposite with 6.25 wt.% of the GO content. Furthermore, the catalytic efficiency is greatly improved by doping Cu in the nanocomposite. The Fe3−xCuxO4/GO nanocomposite achieves the best catalytic property in our catalyst system when the x value is about 0.075. Under the optimal reaction condition (0.8 g L−1 of catalyst dosage, 15 mmol L−1 of initial H2O2 concentration, 3.0 of pH value, and 30 °C of temperature), the p-NP conversion and chemical oxygen demand removal efficiencies in 120 min for the Fe2.925Cu0.075O4/GO nanocomposite are about 98.4% and 74.7%, respectively. And the p-NP conversion efficiency is still as high as 96.2% after four recycles under the optimum condition. The results clearly show that the Fe2.925Cu0.075O4/GO nanocomposite has outstanding catalytic properties for the p-NP degradation.


Magnetite nanocomposite Graphene oxide Cu doping Heterogeneous Fenton catalyst Wastewater treatment 


Funding Information

This study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21174011 and U1462102).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Material Science and TechnologyBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of carbon fiber and functional polymers Ministry of EducationBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Life Science and TechnologyBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina

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