Pyrene Degradation by Mycobacterium gilvum: Metabolites and Proteins Involved

  • Fengji Wu
  • Chuling GuoEmail author
  • Shasha Liu
  • Xujun Liang
  • Guining Lu
  • Zhi Dang


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are toxic organic pollutants and omnipresent in the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. A high-efficient pyrene-degrading strain CP13 was isolated from activated sludge and identified as Mycobacterium gilvum based on the analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence. More than 95% of pyrene (50 mg L−1) was removed by CP13 within 7 days under the alkaline condition. Pyrene metabolites, including 4-phenanthrenecarboxylic acid, 4-phenanthrenol, 1-naphthol, and phthalic acid, were detected and characterized by GC-MS. Results suggested that pyrene was initially attacked at positions C-4 and C-5, then followed by ortho cleavage, and further degraded following the phthalate metabolic pathway. Analysis of pyrene-induced proteins showed that the extradiol dioxygenase, a key enzyme involved in pyrene degradation, was highly up-regulated in pH 9 incubation condition, which illustrated the high efficiency of CP13 under alkaline environment. The present study demonstrated that the isolated bacterial strain CP13 is a good candidate for bioremediation of alkaline PAH-contaminated sites.


Alkaline environment Biodegradation Metabolites Mycobacterium Protein expression Pyrene 


Funding Information

This work was supported by the Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Projects (2014A020217002 and 2016B020242004).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fengji Wu
    • 1
  • Chuling Guo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shasha Liu
    • 3
  • Xujun Liang
    • 4
  • Guining Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhi Dang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Environment and EnergySouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.The Key Lab of Pollution Control and Ecosystem Restoration in Industry Clusters, Ministry of EducationSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringZhaoqing UniversityZhaoqingChina
  4. 4.Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health, and School of EnvironmentJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina

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