Advertisement

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:32 | Cite as

Adsorption of As(V) from Water over a Hydroxyl-Alumina Modified Paddy Husk Ash Surface and Its Sludge Immobilization

  • Susmita Sarmah
  • Jitu Saikia
  • Ankana Phukan
  • Rajib Lochan GoswameeEmail author
Article

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is considered as one of the most hazardous elements found in the groundwater. It is present in water in both arsenate (As(V)) and arsenite (As(III)) forms. On exposure for a considerable length of time to water having As concentration above the maximum permissible limit of 10 μg/L, there is a serious threat of developing various health problems including cancer. There is frequent reporting about the development of different newer methods for the removal of arsenic from water. In this present approach, a low-cost product namely modified paddy husk ash (PHA) was used as an adsorbent for the adsorption of arsenic from water. The adsorbent is important from the point of its easy availability in the tropical paddy producing countries. For improved removal efficiency and disposal of spent adsorbent, the surface of the PHA was activated with an aluminum oligomeric solution called as hydroxyl-alumina. To understand the process, various techniques such as XRD, SEM–EDS, particle size determination, and zeta potential measurements were used and the effects like variation of adsorbent dose, pH, initial arsenic concentration, and contact time were studied. The Freundlich adsorption isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models were found to be the best fitted adsorption isotherm and kinetic data models respectively thereby confirming the adsorption as a multilayer chemisorption process. Finally, the issue of disposal of the spent sludge through the successful formation of cement clinkers was studied.

Keywords

PHA Hydroxyl-alumina As(V) adsorption Sludge immobilization Cement clinker 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Director, CSIR-NEIST, Jorhat, for allowing to publish the paper. The authors are also grateful to AcSIR for PhD registration and CSC-0408 for providing the facility of SEM analysis.

Funding Information

This work received funding from DST under DST Project GPP-0296.

References

  1. Adam, F., & Fook, C. L. (2008). Chromium modified silica from rice husk as an oxidative catalyst. Journal of Porous Materials, 16(3), 291–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmed, A. E., & Adam, F. (2007). Indium incorporated silica from rice husk and its catalytic activity. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 103(1–3), 284–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Altundogan, H. S., Altundogan, S., Tumen, F., & Bildik, M. (2002). Arsenic adsorption from aqueous solutions by activated red mud. Waste Management, 22, 357–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Amin, M. N., Kaneco, S., Kitagawa, T., Begum, A., Katsumata, H., Suzuki, T., & Ohta, K. (2006). Removal of arsenic in aqueous solutions by adsorption onto waste rice husk. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 45, 8105–8110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. An, B., Steinwinder, T. R., & Zhao, D. (2005). Selective removal of arsenate from drinking water using a polymeric ligand exchanger. Water Research, 39, 4993–5004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Asif, Z., & Chen, Z. (2017). Removal of arsenic from drinking water using rice husk. Applied Water Science, 7, 1449–1458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Baskan, M. B., & Pala, A. (2010). A statistical experiment design approach for arsenic removal by coagulation process using aluminum sulfate. Desalination, 254, 42–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chakravarty, S., Dureja, V., Bhattacharyya, G., Maity, S., & Bhattacharjee, S. (2002). Removal of arsenic from groundwater using low cost ferruginous manganese ore. Water Research, 36, 625–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chandrasekhar, S., Pramada, P. N., & Majeed, J. (2006). Effect of calcination temperature and heating rate on the optical properties and reactivity of rice husk ash. Journal of Materials Science, 41, 7926–7933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chetia, M., Goswamee, R. L., Banerjee, S., Chatterjee, S., Singh, L., Srivastava, R. B., & Sarma, H. P. (2012). Arsenic removal from water using calcined Mg–Al layered double hydroxide. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 14(1), 21–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clancy, T. M., Snyder, K. V., Reddy, R., Lanzirotti, A., Amrose, S. E., Raskin, L., & Hayes, K. F. (2015). Evaluating the cement stabilization of arsenic-bearing iron wastes from drinking water treatment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 300, 522–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dutta, P. K., Ray, A. K., Sharma, V. K., & Millero, F. J. (2004). Adsorption of arsenate and arsenite on titanium dioxide suspensions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 278, 270–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fuhrman, H. G., Tjell, J. C., McConchie, D., & Schuiling, O. (2003). Adsorption of arsenate from water using neutralized red mud. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 264, 327–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fuhrman, H. G., Tjell, J. C., & McConchie, D. (2004). Adsorption of arsenic from water using activated neutralized red mud. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 2428–2434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Garelick, H., Jones, H., Dybowska, A., & Valsami-Jones, E. (2008). Arsenic pollution sources. Reviews of Environmental Contamination, 197, 17–60.Google Scholar
  16. Gholami, M. M., Mokhtari, M. A., Aameri, A., & Fard, M. R. A. (2006). Application of reverse osmosis technology for arsenic removal from drinking water. Desalination, 200, 725–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gogoi, C., Saikia, J., Sarmah, S., Sinha, D., & Goswamee, R. L. (2018). Removal of fluoride from water by locally available sand modified with a coating of iron oxides. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 229(118) 1–16.Google Scholar
  18. Goswamee, R. L., & Poellmann, H. (1998). XRD study of thermal stability of hydroxyl-aluminium chloride. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 37A, 561–563.Google Scholar
  19. Ho, Y. S., & McKay, G. (1999). Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochemistry, 34, 451–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hossain, M. F. (2006). Arsenic contamination in Bangladesh—an overview. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 113(1–4), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang, C. P., & Fu, P. L. K. (1984). Treatment of arsenic (V) -containing water by the activated carbon process. Journal - Water Pollution Control Federation, 56, 233–242.Google Scholar
  22. Indian standards for drinking water, second revision of IS 10500 (2004).Google Scholar
  23. Jain, C. K., & Ali, I. (2000). Arsenic: occurrence, toxicity and speciation techniques. Water Research, 34, 4304–4312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jiang, J. Q., Ashekuzzaman, S. M., Hargreaves, J. S. J., McFarlane, A. R., Badruzzaman, A. B. M., & Tarek, M. H. (2015). Removal of arsenic (III) from groundwater applying a reusable Mg-Fe-Cl layered double hydroxide. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 90, 1160–1166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kartinen, E. O., & Martin, C. J. (1995). An overview of arsenic removal processes. Desalination, 103, 79–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kiping, M.D., Lenihan, J., Fletcher, W.W., (Eds.), (1997) Arsenic. The Chemical Environment, Environment and Man, 6, 93–110.Google Scholar
  27. Kołodyńska, D., Wnętrzak, R., Leahy, J., Hayes, M., & Kwapiński, W. (2012). Kinetic and adsorptive characterization of biochar in metal ions removal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 197, 295–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lo, S. L., Jeng, H. T., & Lai, C. H. (1997). Characteristics and adsorption properties of iron-coated sand. Water Science and Technology, 35, 63–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Luqman, M., Javed, M. M., Yasar, A., Ahmad, J., & Khan, A. (2013). An overview of sustainable techniques used for arsenic removal from drinking water in rural areas of the Indo-Pak subcontinent. Soil and Environment, 32, 87–95.Google Scholar
  30. Maeda, S., Ohki, A., Saikoji, S., & Naka, K. (1992). Iron(III) hydroxide-loaded coral limestone as an adsorbent for arsenic(III) and arsenic(V). Separation Science and Technology, 27, 681–689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Manjare, S. D., Sadique, M. H., & Ghoshal, A. K. (2005). Equilibrium and kinetics studies for As (III) adsorption on activated alumina and activated carbon. Environmental Technology, 26, 1403–1410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Manning, B. A., & Goldberg, S. (1996). Modeling arsenate competitive adsorption on kaolinite, montmorillonite and illite. Clays and Clay Minerals, 44, 609–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Manning, B. A., & Goldberg, S. (1997). Adsorption and stability of arsenic (III) at the clay mineral–water interface. Environmental Science & Technology, 31, 2005–2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mohan, D., & Pittman, C. U., Jr. (2007). Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—a critical review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142, 1–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mohapatra, D., Mishra, D., Roy Chaudhury, G., & Das, R. P. (2007). Arsenic adsorption mechanism on clay minerals and its dependence on temperature. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24, 426–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ning, R. Y. (2002). Arsenic removal by reverse osmosis. Desalination, 143, 237–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ohki, A., Nakayachigo, K., Naka, K., & Maeda, S. (1996). Adsorption of inorganic and organic arsenic compounds by aluminium-loaded coral limestone. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 10, 747–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Okafor, P. C., Okon, P. U., Daniel, E. F., & Ebenso, E. E. (2012). Adsorption capacity of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) shell for lead, copper, cadmium and arsenic from aqueous solutions. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 7, 12354–12369.Google Scholar
  39. Parthasarathy, N., Buffle, J., & Haerd, W. (1986). Study of interaction of polymeric aluminium hydroxide with fluoride. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 64, 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Petrusevski, B., Sharma, S. K., Kruis, F., Omeruglu, P., & Schippers, J. C. (2002). Family filter with iron-coated sand: solution for arsenic removal in rural areas. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 2, 127–133.Google Scholar
  41. Polowczyk, I., Cyganowski, P., Ulatowska, J., Sawiński, W., & Bastrzyk, A. (2018). Synthetic iron oxides for adsorptive removal of arsenic. Water Air Soil Pollution, 229, 203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ranjan, D., Talat, M., & Hasan, S. H. (2009). Rice polish: an alternative to conventional adsorbents for treating arsenic bearing water by up-flow column method. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 48, 10180–10185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Santra, B. K. (2017). Arsenic contamination of groundwater in West Bengal: awareness for health and social problems. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 5(1), 43–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sarmah, S., Saikia, J., Bordoloi, D., & Goswamee, R. L. (2017). Surface modification of paddy husk ash by hydroxyl-alumina coating to develop an efficient water defluoridation media and the immobilization of the sludge by lime-silica reaction. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 5, 4483–4493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sarmah, S., Saikia, J., Bordoloi, D. K., Kalita, P. J., Bora, J. J., & Goswamee, R. L. (2018). Immobilization of fluoride in cement clinkers using hydroxyl-alumina modified paddy husk ash based adsorbent. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 93, 533–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sengupta, P., Saikia, N. J., & Borthakur, P. C. (2002). Bricks from petroleum ETP sludge: properties and environmental characteristic. Journal of Environmental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 128, 1090–1094.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shakoor, M. B., Niazi, N. K., Bibi, I., Shahid, M., Sharif, F., Bashir, S., Shaheen, S. M., Wang, H., Tsang, D. C. W., Ok, Y. S., & Rinklebe, J. (2018). Arsenic removal by natural and chemically modified water melon rind in aqueous solutions and groundwater. Science of the Total Environment, 645, 1444–1455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Singh, D. B., Prasad, G., & Rupainwar, D. C. (1996). Adsorption technique for the treatment of As (V)-rich effluents. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 111, 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Smedley, P. L., & Kinniburgh, D. G. (2002). A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Applied Geochemistry, 17, 517–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sundaram, S.K., Meher, K.K., Kapur, P.C. (2002). A rice husk ash based domestic water filter, Indian patent no. 187147.Google Scholar
  51. Teagarden, D. L., Kozlowski, J. F., White, J. L., & Hem, S. L. (1981). Aluminum chlorohydrate I: structure studies. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 70, 758–761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Thirunavukkarasu, O. S., Viraraghavan, T., & Subramanian, K. S. (2003). Arsenic removal from drinking water using iron oxide-coated sand. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 142, 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Vaishya, R. C., & Gupta, S. K. (2002). Modeling arsenic (V) removal from water by sulfate modified iron-oxide coated sand (SMIOCS). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 78, 73–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Viraraghavan, T., Subramanian, K. S., & Aruldoss, J. A. (1999). Arsenic in drinking water —problems and solutions. Water Science and Technology, 40, 69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Waqas, H., Shan, A., Khan, Y.G., Nawaz, R., Rizwan, M., Rehman, S.-U., Shakoor, M.B., Ahmed W., Jabeen M., (2017). Human health risk assessment of arsenic in groundwater aquifers of Lahore, Pakistan. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 836–850.Google Scholar
  56. Wei, Z., Liang, K., Wu, Y., Zou, Y., Zuo, J., Arriagada, D. C., Pan, Z., & Hu, G. (2016). The effect of pH on the adsorption of arsenic(III) and arsenic(V) at the TiO2 anatase [101] surface. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 462, 252–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Guidelines for drinking water quality, 4th edition, WHO (2011).Google Scholar
  58. WHO (World Health Organisation). (1981). Environmental health criteria (Vol. 18). Geneva: Arsenic, World Health Organisation.Google Scholar
  59. Wickramasinghe, S. R., Han, B., Zimbron, J., Shen, Z., & Karim, M. N. (2004). Arsenic removal by coagulation and filtration: comparison of groundwaters from the United States and Bangladesh. Desalination, 169, 231–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yoon, I. H., Moon, D. H., Kim, K. W., Keun-Young Lee, K. Y., Lee, J. H., & Kim, M. G. (2010). Mechanism for the stabilization/solidification of arsenic-contaminated soils with Portland cement and cement kiln dust. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 2322–2328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zhang, X., Fang, X., Li, J., Pan, S., Sun, X., Shen, J., Han, W., Wang, L., & Zhao, S. (2018). Developing new adsorptive membrane by modification of support layer with iron oxide microspheres for arsenic removal. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 514, 760–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Zouboulis, A., & Katsoyiannis, I. (2002). Removal of arsenates from contaminated water by coagulation–direct filtration. Separation Science and Technology, 37, 2859–2873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Materials Group, Materials Sciences and Technology DivisionCSIR-North East Institute of Science & TechnologyJorhat-785006India
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative ResearchJorhatIndia
  3. 3.Analytical Chemistry Group, Chemical Sciences and Technology DivisionCSIR-North East Institute of Science & TechnologyJorhat-785006India

Personalised recommendations