Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 229:301 | Cite as

Examining the Effects of the Destroying Ammunition, Mines, and Explosive Devices on the Presence of Heavy Metals in Soil of Open Detonation Pit: Part 1—Pseudo-total Concentration

  • Neda Tešan TomićEmail author
  • Slavko Smiljanić
  • M. Jović
  • M. Gligorić
  • D. Povrenović
  • A. Došić


This paper presents the results of determining the pseudo-total concentration of five heavy metals in the soil on which the destruction of ammunition, mines, and explosive devices is carried out by the method of open detonation. In the analyzed area, the concentrations of cadmium, lead, nickel, copper, and zinc were determined, while from the physical properties of the soil were determined the granulometric composition and the pH. The aim of the study is to determine the origin and total load on heavy metals and, based on that, to assess the dangers and impact of the site in terms of the soil pollution by heavy metals. In accordance with the regulations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the results of the soil testing showed a significant load of copper (up to seven times) and cadmium (up to six times), and exceeding the allowed values for nickel and zinc in some places. Lead was the only metal whose concentration was within the maximum allowed and according to that the soil was classified as unpolluted. A sample of soil from the edge of the pit is the only sample in which all heavy metals, except Ni, were within the maximum allowable concentration. In regard to the concentration of the examined metals, the soil of the pit is classified as medium polluted from the aspect of copper, cadmium, and nickel and highly contaminated with zinc. The concentrations of copper and zinc in the examination area correspond to contaminated soil that represents ecological risk, which requires soil remediation.


Soil contamination Open detonation Heavy metals Pseudo-total concentration Soil classification Phytoremediation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neda Tešan Tomić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Slavko Smiljanić
    • 2
  • M. Jović
    • 3
  • M. Gligorić
    • 2
  • D. Povrenović
    • 4
  • A. Došić
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  2. 2.Faculty of TechnologyUniversity of East SarajevoZvornikBosnia and Herzegovina
  3. 3.Institute of Nuclear Science VinčaUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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